Home Farm Equipment 130-bushel soybeans: How’d they do it?

130-bushel soybeans: How’d they do it?

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Data are made to be damaged, and brothers Neil and Blake Culp shattered an enormous one this harvest. 

On Sept. 13, the Culps, who farm in Phillips County, Ark., together with Neil’s spouse, Jill, set a state file for soybean yield when they recorded 130.784 bu/a within the annual Develop for the Inexperienced Soybean Yield Problem.

“I knew they were good beans,” Neil stated. “They had looked good all year. I was excited to cut them, and when I made the first pass, I knew we had broken the 100 bu/a mark, but even I was surprised at the final number.” 

Neil requested College of Arkansas Extension brokers Shawn Payne and Ernest Bradley to measure the sector a second time — after which a 3rd time — to be completely sure. There was no mistake. He was the brand new file holder. 

“This is an amazing accomplishment, especially with the difficult conditions we experienced here in Arkansas during 2021,” stated Jeremy Ross, Extension soybean agronomist with the College of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture. 

The Culps 130 bu/a breaks the earlier state file of 120.533 bu/a set in 2019 by Matt Miles of Desha County, Ark. Culp is simply the twenty fourth producer to say a spot in Arkansas’ 100 Bushel Membership. The state soybean common is round 50 bu/a.

The Culps have participated within the yield problem earlier than. Final 12 months Neil hit 97 bu/a, which earned first place within the East Central Delta division. 

Ginger Rowsey

“When I made my first pass, I knew we had broken the 100 bu/a mark,” Neil Culp stated. After years of getting into the competition, Culp not solely broke the 100-bushel mark for the primary time, however he presently holds the state file for soybean yield.

“Hitting 100 bushels has been a goal of mine since they came out with the soybean yield contest,” stated Neil, “but I really didn’t do anything different this year than I do any other year. It was the perfect bean, on the perfect soil, with the perfect weather, and God did the rest. He gets all the credit.” 

Attaining 100+ soybeans 

The profitable soybeans have been an Asgrow 45X8 selection planted on April 13. Culp strives to plant all his soybeans in early April. 

“We try to start planting soybeans on April 1 if we can,” Neil stated. “It seems like our first of April beans are the better beans. Once you get past a May 10 planting date, we start to see a yield drop. We try to plant as much as we can in that April 1 – April 15 window and worry about cutting them later.” 

The Culps’ soybeans have been planted at 130,000 inhabitants fee on 30-inch rows with furrow irrigation. Stand counts measured 110,000 vegetation — an 85% emergence fee. 

Crop rotation is a significant component in attaining high-yield soybeans, based on Neil. 

“We are very intentional with our crop rotation,” Neil stated. “I think crop rotation may be the biggest factor in increasing soil fertility and producing high-yielding crops.” 

For weed management, the Culps put out a pre-emergence herbicide behind the planter. They sprayed the profitable soybeans as soon as post-emergence with glyphosate/dicamba. The beans additionally obtained one foliar utility of insecticide and fungicide. They have been watered 4 instances. 

“I did put out fungicide a little earlier. I usually do it at R5 stage, but I did it at R3 this year,” Neil stated. “My intentions were to apply fungicide twice, once at R3 and again at R6, to keep them super healthy, but with weather, and getting behind spraying other things, we only made one fungicide application.” 

The Culps have additionally been experimenting with a brand new liquid carbon-based fertilizer marketed by Fluid Development Options. They noticed massive will increase in rice yields in 2020 the place they utilized the carbon-based fertilizer. In 2021 they put throughout each crop acre. They utilized 4 gallons to the acre of the liquid fertilizer on the fields the place he grew the record-breaking soybeans. 

Whereas the Culps solely made some minor tweaks to his soybean manufacturing practices this 12 months, Robert Goodson, Phillips County Extension agent stated the Culps are reaping the success of years of fine farming practices. 

“They’re very diligent in what they do, and they’re excellent producers. They have good fertility, and they take care of their farm,” Goodson stated. 

One different follow to which the Culps faithfully adheres — prayer. 

“We try to be intentional in what we do, and we intentionally pray over the seed,” Neil stated. “I don’t know why the Lord blessed us, but I want to give Him all the credit.” 

Ginger RowseyNeil and Blake Culp

Brothers, Neil and Blake Culp broke the Arkansas soybean yield file when they lower 130 bu/a within the Develop for the Inexperienced Soybean Yield Problem.

2021 climate 

For all of the blessings 2021 introduced the Culp farm, it was not a 12 months with out trials. Most notably a June storm that dumped greater than 10 inches of rain on the farm in lower than 24 hours. 

“It was really a great year until the flooding on June 9,” Neil recalled. “Planting was actually really easy. Then we caught timely rain showers along the way to help everything get up and get the chemicals activated. Outside of that one bad rain spell, we had excellent weather.” 

However that one unhealthy rain spell took its toll — destroying greater than 1,200 acres of the Culps’ soybeans that have been already knee-high. 

“From that point on we were playing catch up to get everything replanted. We finally finished replanting on July 10,” Neil stated. 

Clearly, the profitable soybean discipline was on larger floor and escaped the flood harm. Another excuse the Culps are counting their blessings. 

“God is the number one reason,” Neil stated. “He gets all the credit.” 

Develop for the Inexperienced 

The Develop for the Inexperienced Soybean Yield Problem is funded by the Arkansas Soybean Promotion Board utilizing producer checkoff funds and is managed by the Arkansas Soybean Affiliation. The College of Arkansas System Division of Agriculture gives data to producers and extension brokers function judges. The competition fields consist of 5 to seven acres and will need to have been planted in soybean not less than as soon as within the earlier three years. 

Neil shall be acknowledged on the Arkansas Soybean Affiliation’s annual assembly in January 2022. After years of chasing the elusive 100 bu/a mark, will he retire from the competition? 

“I guess I can retire, because I don’t know that I’ll ever beat 130 bu/a,” he stated. “But then again, you never know.” 

“I do know that eventually someone will break this record,” he added. “I’m grateful and blessed to be able to hold the record for a time.” 

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