Home Crop Monitoring Classification of Crops

Classification of Crops

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There are totally different strategies of classification of crops which embrace Classification based mostly on life span of crops/period of crops, Classification based mostly on local weather, Based mostly on Use/Agronomic classification, Classification based mostly on cultural methodology/water, Classification based mostly on root system, Classification based mostly on financial significance and Classification based mostly on Quantity of cotyledons as mentioned in particulars under.

1. Classification based mostly on life span of crops/period of crops:

1. One seasonal crops: these are the sort of crops that completes its life cycle in a single season. E.g. rice, wheat and so on.

2. Two seasonal crops: these are these type crops that full its life in two seasons. E.g. Cotton, turmeric, gingers

3. Annual crops: these are crops that require one full 12 months to finish its life cycle. They full their life cycle as soon as in a 12 months or a rising season; and through this era, the vegetative and reproductive levels are accomplished e.g. maize, rice, cowpea, millet, greens, cotton, groundnut, sugarcane, and so on.

4. Biennial crops: these are crops which develop in a single 12 months and flowers, fructify & perish the subsequent 12 months. They full their life cycle as soon as in two years or two group seasons. Within the first 12 months, they bear the vegetative levels the place leaves and roots are produced in abundance, the plant additionally elongates.

However through the second 12 months, the vegetation bear reproductive levels the place flowers, fruits and seeds are produced e.g. carrot, lettuce, cabbage, ginger, cassava, Papaya.and so on.

5. Perennial crops: These are these crops that full their life cycle as soon as in three years. Within the first two cycles as soon as in three years, they are going to bear vegetative levels whereas within the final years, the reproductive levels are accomplished e.g. rhizome, sugarcane, banana, plantain.

A perennial plant that may survive for thirty years and above known as everlasting crop e.g. cocoa, kola, mango, oil palm, rubber, coconut, and so on. these kind of crops dwell for a number of years.

6. Ephemerals: They’re these sorts of crops that full their life cycle as soon as in three or 4 months and might bear two or three life cycles in a 12 months e.g. tomato.

2.  Classification based mostly on local weather:

1. Tropical: these are these sorts of crops that develop nicely in heat & sizzling weather conditions for instance: Rice, sugarcane, and so on.

2. Temperate: these are these sorts of crops that develop nicely in cool weather conditions for instance: Wheat, Oats, Gram, Potato and so on.

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Crops

3  Based mostly on Use/Agronomic classification:

1. Grain crops: these might embrace cereals like millets cereals that are these cultivated grasses grown for his or her edible starchy grains. Cereals are the bigger grains used as staple meals. For instance: rice, wheat, maize, barley, and millets are the small grained cereals that are of minor significance as meals.

2. Pulse/legume crops: these are the seeds of leguminous crops plant used as meals. They’re wealthy in protein.  For instance: soybean, pea, cowpea and so on.

3. Oil seeds crops: these are these crop seeds which can be wealthy in fatty acids that are additionally used to extract vegetable oil to satisfy numerous necessities. For instance: Groundnut, Mustard, Sunflower, linseed and so on.

4. Forage Crop: This refers to as preserved contemporary greens to be utilized as meals for animals. Crops are being cultivated and are used for hay, silage and so on.

5. Fiber crops: these are these crops that are identified for his or her fiber yield. Fibers could also be obtained from seed. For instance: Cotton, steam, jute, Mesta, solar hemp, flax.

6. Roots crops: these are these crops that develop its edible half by means of the basis half. For instance: candy potato, sugar beet, carrot, turnip and so on.

7. Tuber crop: these are these crops that develop its edible portion by means of its tubers. For instance: Potato, yam. and so on.

8. Sugar crops: these are these crops which can be primarily cultivated for sugar. For instance: sugarcane and sugar beet.

9. Starch crops: these are these sorts of crops that are primarily grown for the manufacturing of starch. For instance: tapioca, candy potato.

10. Dreg crop: these are these crops that are grown primarily for the preparation of medicines. For instance: tobacco, mint, and pyrethrum.

11. Spices & condiments/spices crops: these are these crop vegetation that their merchandise are used to taste style and generally shade the contemporary preserved meals. For instance: ginger, garlic, chili, cumin onion, coriander, cardamom, pepper, turmeric and so on.

12. Greens crops: these are these crops which can be leafy as fruity greens. For instance: tomato.

13. Inexperienced manure crop: these are these crops that are grown and included into soil to extend fertility of soil. For instance: solar hemp.

14. Medicinal & fragrant crops: these are these cops that are grown primarily for his or her medicinal makes use of. Medicinal vegetation consists of: cinchona, opium poppy, belladonna, and fragrant vegetation similar to lemon grass, citronella grass, Japanese mint, peppermint, jasmine, henna and so on.

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4. Classification based mostly on cultural methodology/water:

1. Rain fed: these are these sorts of crops that develop solely on rain water. For instance: Jowar, Bajara, Mung and so on.

2. Irrigated crops: these are these crops that are grown with the assistance of irrigation water.  For instance: Chili, sugarcane, Banana, papaya and so on.

5. Classification based mostly on root system:

1. Faucet root system: these are these sorts of crops that the principle root goes deep into the soil. For instance: Grape, Cotton and so on.

2. Adventitious/Fiber rooted: These are these crops whose roots are fibrous shallow & spreading into the soil.  For instance: Cereal crops, wheat, rice and so on.

6. Classification based mostly on financial significance:

1. Money crop: these are these sorts of crops that are principally grown for incomes cash. For instance: Sugarcane, cotton.

2. Meals crops: these are these crops that are principally grown for elevating meals grain for the inhabitants and fodder for cattle. For instance: Jowar, wheat, rice and so on.

7.  Classification based mostly on Quantity of cotyledons:

1. Monocots or monocotyledons: these are these sorts of crops which have one cotyledon within the seed.  For instance: all cereals & Millets.

2. Dicots or dicotyledonous: these are these sorts of crops which have two cotyledons within the seed. For instance: all legumes & pulses.

Learn Additionally: The Sowing Information for Completely different Type of Crops

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