Rearing rabbits in any other case referred to as rabbit farming or rabbit rearing is a really profitable agribusiness to enterprise into as a result of rabbits are quick rising animals that take 4 – 5 months to mature for slaughter. They reproduce very quick, kindling (giving beginning) 4 occasions a yr to a median of 8 kits per kindle.
There are completely different breeds of rabbits accessible in Kenya and different main cities of the world they usually embody however not restricted to the next: the California white, Chinchilla, Dutch, New zealand white, Flemish large, French earlop and the Angora.
A male rabbit known as a buck whereas a feminine rabbit is a doe and their younger ones are referred to as kits.
There are mainly three methods of rabbit rearing (rabbit manufacturing) broadly identified and adopted, they usually embody the next:
1. Free Vary System
It’s one of the best methods to lift rabbits, by letting them run round, discover their very own meals, mate as they need, and if you find yourself hungry you’ll be able to simply entice one for meals. That is free vary system.
Nonetheless good it’s, it comes together with disadvantages, sure the disadvantages are discouraging;
-very troublesome to deal with rabbits
-there is simple illness outbreak, eg. Ear canker
-high ranges of predation.
Through the use of that system, many individuals have gotten discouraged in rabbit protecting as a result of the issues concerned are many and inevitable.
2. Colony System
Underneath this method, rabbits are enclosed in a confined atmosphere or room and left to run round within the enclosure. The ground could also be positioned with litter, with both wooden shavings or husks.
That is extra of free vary system, nonetheless, the rabbits are managed (mating, feeding)
They virtually share the identical challenges, besides there’s much less possibilities of predation on this case than free vary system.
Inbreeding can happen if not managed.
The litter can present wealthy mulch or manure for farm use.
3. Cage System
Not like earlier methods, right here rabbits are ‘restrained’ in an enclosure, normally a wire cage. Rabbits are positioned in their very own cells/rooms/ cage.
In some instances, 2 or extra younger rabbits might occupy a single cell. Weaned rabbits could also be positioned 2 or 4 in a single cell measuring 1x1x0.5 meters.
Cage system is generally practiced by business rabbit breeders. Some small scale producers are going into this method. It’s because it’s simpler to handle rabbits below this method.
Eager commentary is required for this method. Feeding and watering are all completed by an exterior labor. In some rabbitry, watering and feeding are automated .
Cage system additionally has the best begin up capital, however it’s protected and dependable. We’ll focus on extra of this than the opposite system.
There are basically two varieties of housing in rabbit protecting; The secure and The hutches
1. The Steady
It is a primary constructing wherein or below which you place the person hutches/ cages.
To construct a secure will not be at all times needed, you may need an acceptable place below the roof of your individual home already.
Nonetheless, constructing a secure offers security and biosecurity of your rabbits. It’s a frequent necessities for business producers.
Advise earlier than you construct a secure
Though preliminary bills for stables are excessive, they’re actually comparatively low. A superb constructing final for a number of generations, so the fee per era are low.
The actual excessive prices are labour, lifeless or stolen animal, vet service and many others. When you begin with a foul secure design, it should pressure you day after day to do pointless issues, and that could be a low preliminary price however a excessive recurring price
Don’t begin large, however don’t waste time on clumsy design.
Watch and seek the advice of related individuals.
Buildings must be constructed in such a method that working will not be troublesome.
Necessary options of a secure
Allow us to now focus on some options of a great secure, assuming that you just want such a constructing. You’ll be able to assemble your secure protecting in thoughts of the next pointers;
– rain, wind and sunshine
– humidity and contemporary air
2. The hutches
This technique is usually utilized by newbie producers or these with fewer animals. Additionally it is best for “testing out” the rabbit market in an space. It’s strongly advisable that you just begin out with a system equivalent to this.
Positives: Comparatively low price to construct. It’s best for a small manufacturing. Smaller models might be made moveable with the addition of wheels.
Negatives: As a result of there is no such thing as a exterior barn construction, selection of supplies are important and upkeep for the hutch is fixed.
This technique can be utilized exterior (with correct air flow and airflow that are CRITICAL for this method to work correctly). Nonetheless, that is ideally an indoor methodology.
Positives: It permits for a bigger manufacturing whereas utilizing much less ground area as a result of the cages are stacked. The regulated atmosphere aids in reaching your rabbits’ manufacturing potential.
Negatives: It tends to be a extra expensive unit to buy/make. Indoor manufacturing requires airflow (with air-conditioners) and extraction models. It may be expensive to take care of and requires a higher quantity of cleansing.
Suspended Cages with Barn Cowl
That is the most typical sort of rabbit housing used for bigger business rabbit productions.
Positives: The character of this structure permits for lowered cleansing time, decrease prices to take care of, and makes for straightforward growth.
Negatives: Rabbits are extra weak to the weather than with an inside manufacturing.
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