Home Crop Monitoring Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

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Eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade household, which incorporates tomatoes, peppers and potatoes, eggplant is regarded as a local of India the place it grows wild as a perennial. Many of us are accustomed to the most typical eggplant selection, Solanum melongena, however there are a plethora of eggplant sorts out there.

Botanical identify: Solanum melongena

European Eggplant is a hardly species that may be grown all yr spherical in tropical areas. It wants good irrigation administration and rigorous management of nitrogen fertilization (to make fruit setting simpler) throughout the sizzling and wet season. Hybrid eggplant will be pruned to maintain two or three principal stems.

Earlier than we proceed to the completely different varieties of European Eggplant we have now, I wish to briefly clarify some ailments abbreviations/frequent names together with their Pathogen or causal agent as follows:

Abbreviation/

Widespread identify

Pathogen or Causal Agent
Anthracnose Colletotrichum lagenanum
Bacterial Wilt Ralstonia solanacearum
CMV Cucumber Mosaic Virus
TMV Tobacco Mosaic Virus

Now allow us to proceed to debate some of the varieties of European Eggplant:

F1 KALENDA (INRA):

Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

That is one of the most effective varieties of European eggplant for the tropical and subtropical areas. It’s the answer to eggplant grower’s drawback on the subject of the illness often known as “Bacterial Wilt (Ralstonia) attributable to its resistance to Bacterial Wilt.

This hybrid eggplant will be grown throughout sizzling and humid season and it produces glorious end result for the farmer. It additionally has a really enticing colour as its shiny purplish black fruits correspond to the export market high quality. In the meantime F1 Kalenda (INRA) farmers also needs to know that throughout the wet season nitrogen fertilizer should be decreased.

The maturity interval of this selection of European eggplant happens between 65-75days and the plant is a vigorous plant, it additionally has an extended tapered form and a black purple colour. The scale is normally between 300grams-450grams measuring about 20×8-10cm with tolerances and resistance to Tobacco Mosaic Virus, Cucumber Mosaic Virus, Bacterial Wilt and Anthracnose. Lastly it stays an extended interval of harvest and will also be cultured in open discipline.

Beneath is a breakdown of different completely different varieties of European eggplant, their maturity interval (days), the distinctive traits of the plant, the form of the fruit, the colour of the fruit, the scale of the fruit and its illness tolerance and resistance remarks

Selection Maturity Plant Fruit Remarks and

 

tolerance/

resistances

  (days)   Form Coloration Measurement  
OP  
Ravaya 70/75 Very vigorous Oval Purple Small(50-80g)

 

=5x6cm

Hardy / CMV
Black Magnificence 75/80 Vigorous Lobulous Slight

 

fruit fascination

Darkish purple Large(300-400)

 

=13x15cm

Broadly tailored,

 

it will also be

cultured on each

shelter and open

discipline.

Zebrine 75/80 Vigorous Lon oval Striped purple and white Medium

 

(250-300g)=

15-16cmx7-8cm

Highly regarded within the Caribbean space and Anthracnose/

 

Phomopsis vexans. It may be cultured in open discipline.

Florida market 85/95 Massive Oval Purple Large(400-

 

500g)=

16-18x10cm

Phomopsis vexans
Lengthy purple 70/75 Erected Lengthy Purple Medium

 

(200/300g)

=20-25×6-7cm

The reference for lengthy normal selection.
HYBRID F1  
F1 African Magnificence 70/75 Vigorous Common globulous very slight fruit fasciation Lossy black purple Bi(350-450)

 

=14x15cm

Excessive yielding particularly fitted to tropical circumstances, TMV / CMV
F1 Obala 75/80 Medium dimension Oval Darkish purple Medium(300-

 

400g)=13x12cm

TMV / CMV
F1 Adama 70 Medium dimension Lengthy cylindrical Black purple Medium(250-

 

350g)=20-22x6cm

Anthracnose Phomopsis vexans, TMV / CMV
F1 Melina 55-60     Deep purple 18×9.5cm/400g Will be cultured in open discipline, CMV
Purple Tiger 70-80     inexperienced with purple strips 20.5x10cm/450g Will be cultured in open discipline, CMV, BW
               

Learn Additionally: The Final Step-by-Step Information to Vegetable Gardening

 Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their CharacteristicsDifferent Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

Different Varieties of European Eggplant and their Characteristics

As a crop farmer you ought to be conscious of the seeds you must plant and how they’re being cultured as some seeds carry out higher when being cultivated beneath shelter whereas some carry out higher within the open discipline due to this fact I’ll recommend that apart from understanding the season in your crops, you also needs to remember how and the place to plant the seeds with a view to obtain an optimum end result out of your effort.

Keep in mind that your seed and administration practices determines the speed of your success in Farming.

Listed below are some wonderful egg plant and vegetable planting guides to help you additional:

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