Home Farm Equipment Don’t take your foot off the pedal

Don’t take your foot off the pedal

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As I used to be driving via Delaware and Maryland final week on my strategy to a crops convention in Princess Anne, Md., one thing actually caught my eye.

Corn is de facto tall proper now, particularly in components of Lancaster and Chester counties in southeast Pennsylvania. I usually count on crops, particularly corn, to be shorter alongside that Route 13 hall via Delaware’s farm nation. These sandy soils can’t maintain a lot moisture, and it could possibly get actually scorching and dry in the summer season there, therefore the irrigation growers use.

However even down there, crops are trying fairly good. Corn is tall, though there are areas the place the crop is struggling. Soybeans look nice, too, for the most half.

I talked to a few growers at the convention, they usually informed me they’re fairly assured of some good yields this fall. That’s nice information.

However as Jarrod Miller, agronomy specialist with College of Delaware Cooperative Extension, factors out, don’t take your foot off the pedal but, particularly between corn dough and dent phases. This won’t be related in most northern areas proper now, however that is nonetheless good recommendation for monitoring drydown and planning harvest. In any occasion, crack open some ears and see for your self.

“At this point in the season, many fields may have started to show signs of dent, but this is a slow transition that sits between two reproductive stages. At the dough stage [R4], the milky fluid is drying down, giving the kernel a soft, dough like consistency,” Miller says. “As a few of these kernels proceed to dry and starch types at the crown, a dent will kind on the outer fringe of the kernel. Nevertheless, to be at the precise dent stage [R5], nearly all of the kernels ought to have the dent function.

Jarrod Miller

DENTING AND MILK LINE: Some corn has reached dent stage in components of Delmarva, and the milk line is beginning to seem.

“You will need to differentiate between dough and dent phases, the place kernel growth remains to be contributing to yield. Not till full maturity [R6, black layer] will your most yield be realized. At the dough stage, kernels will nonetheless have a boring, yellow colour; the shelled cob is pink; and the kernels could have a pasty consistency. Some kernels will start to point out dent, however the dent stage begins when almost all of the kernels are absolutely dented, a tough starch types at the crown, and kernels could have the typical shiny, darkish yellow colour we count on of mature corn. For a lot of hybrids, the cob might also be darkish pink at the dent stage.

“The milk line forms shortly after corn plants reach dent. The kernels mature toward the cob, and the dry starch line progresses inward. As you watch the milk line progress, keep soil moisture at adequate levels until the kernel has fully matured and black layer is present.”

black layer

BLACK LAYER: Not till black layer, R6, will your corn attain its full yield potential.

Quick on feed?

In some components of the area, particularly New England, it’s been too moist to get hardly any cuttings of hay off the floor.

“Last year, we had a 100-year drought, 4 inches of rain from May 7 to Oct. 1. It was ruthless,” says Mike Kosinski, a Channel consultant in western Massachusetts who lately talked to me for one more story. “This year, we got 23 inches of rain in July. So, yeah, that’s the extremes we’ve hit here.”

With feed costs via the roof, this isn’t a great scenario for dairy farmers to be in. Nonetheless, there are some choices in the event you suppose you’re going to be brief on feed.

Tom Kilcer of Superior Ag Programs in Kinderhook, N.Y., factors out that oats are nonetheless a great choice if you will get them in the floor — extra northern areas is perhaps out of luck except fall is hotter than regular — they usually can present a great supply of protein.

“It will be incredibly high digestable forage, 17% to 20% crude protein,” Kilcer says.

If you will get via this fall and winter, get a great begin on subsequent season by planting forages as quickly as you’ll be able to this fall. Listed below are some hyperlinks to tales written by Kilcer and others on getting late-season oats established and getting a great head begin on winter forages:

Hope all this helps. Keep in mind, it’s not the way you begin, however the way you end.

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