Generally you hear a poultry farmer complaining that he/she have raised some pullets that didn’t lay egg even at 22weeks of age or above.
Properly so many elements usually forestall birds from laying at the applicable time. It could be attributable to hatchery drawback, though at this age, hatchery drawback is distant.
Nonetheless, most of the time, it’s often attributable to administration issues which embrace insufficient/ poor feeding, poor treatment, poor housing and so on.
The very best resolution is to all the time carry an skilled alongside earlier than and after getting your birds as Day Previous Chicks.
Now allow us to look the advisable and perfect technique of elevating layers for egg manufacturing for max revenue.
Layer poultry farming means elevating egg-laying poultry birds for the goal of business egg manufacturing. Layer chickens are such a particular species of hens, which should be raised from when they’re at some point previous. They begin laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age.
They proceed laying eggs constantly until their 72-78 weeks of age. They will produce about one kg of eggs by consuming about 2.25 kg of meals throughout their egg laying interval.
In keeping with the nature and coloration of egg, layer hens are of two sorts. Quick descriptions of those two sorts are listed beneath.
Learn Additionally: 6 Methods to Improve Egg Manufacturing and Maximize Income on Layers
White Egg Laying Pullets / Hens
The sort of hens is relatively smaller in measurement. they eat much less meals, and the coloration of the egg shell is white. Isa White, Lehman White, Nikchik, Bab Cock BV-300, Harvard White, Hello Intercourse White, Sever White, Hello line White, Bovanch White and so on. are some standard white egg laying chickens.
Brown Egg Laying Pullets / Hens
Brown egg laying hens are s bigger in measurement. They eat extra meals, in comparison with white egg layers. Lay greater eggs than different laying breeds. The egg shell is brown coloured. There are numerous varieties of brown layer obtainable. Amongst these Isa Brown, Hello Intercourse Brown, Sever 579, Lehman Brown, Hello Line Brown, Bab Cock BV-380, Gold Line, Bablona Tetro, Bablona Harko, Havard Brown and so on. are very appropriate for industrial layer.
On this case it’s important to choose these breeds that are appropriate to your layer poultry farming enterprise and might produce effectively in your space.
The frequent breeds of chickens in Nigeria are Isa Brown, Arbor Acres, Marshall, Ross, Kuroilers, White Cockerel, and Black cockerel. At all times ask about the breed you’re shopping for in addition to the peculiarity of the breed.
For industrial eggs manufacturing, learn beneath earlier than choosing your breed; *Select extremely productive laying hens appropriately.
- All kind of hens don’t produce equal numbers of eggs.
- The chosen breeds will need to have good manufacturing functionality.
In case your chosen breed accommodates the desired attribute and have a fame for egg manufacturing, then that breed is appropriate for your small business.
Learn Additionally: Easy methods to Enhance Egg Manufacturing in Business Layers
To arrange a layer farm, the following steps have to be taken;
The housing system is essential for rearing layers and efficient preserving and administration. As a brand new individual to Livestock enterprise, you don’t wish to make investments all of your capital into shopping for lands in an city space which can prove not getting used as a result of authorities coverage is towards establishing poultry farm close to residential/city areas for well being implication.
Battery cages are the finest housing cages for laying birds as a result of it creates consolation and stability for them.
With a location in thoughts, you now have clearer concept of the capital required of you. Write down your detailed capital and funding necessities to your poultry farming in Nigeria enterprise and got down to supply for it.
Like each different farming initiatives, the greater you intend to begin, the extra funding required. That you must determine on the stage of capital funding you’re prepared to decide to this enterprise earlier than beginning.
Search for good Hatchery the place you will get wholesome day previous chicks to begin with.
Feeds and Water Administration
You should buy feed from your native market or make the feed at your personal home. You possibly can simply be sure that the one purchased or made is enriched with protein and mineral that are very important for laying hens.
- Give them at least 2% calcium for 2weeks after start
- Feed them with starter feed for 8weeks
- Serve them two or 3 times every day until they’re 18weeks previous
- Serve them layer poultry feed in response to their age and weight
- Don’t lower their feed whereas laying (even when their weight enhance)
- Present enough water in response to the demand of your laying hens (provide chilly water throughout scorching climate, and lukewarm water in chilly climate)
This makes your hen illness resistance. It helps to maintain them free from infections and scale back mortality charge. However earlier than vaccination, take observe that in poor health hen doesn’t should be vaccinated anymore (separate in poor health birds to keep away from spreading) and ensure vaccination gear are washed with scorching boiled water or antiseptic/germicide. Listed here are the vaccines that could be given to layer hens.
However earlier than vaccination, take observe that in poor health hen doesn’t should be vaccinated anymore (separate in poor health birds to keep away from spreading) and ensure vaccination gear are washed with scorching boiled water or antiseptic/germicide. Listed here are the vaccines that could be given to layer hens. Marex, Gamboro, Salmonela and so on.
Notice that a median wholesome Layer lays eggs nearly day-after-day or at least 4 instances in every week. This implies that technically a Layer is able to producing one other rooster twice in three days.
- Inside the first 20 weeks of age, about 5% of hens begin laying eggs and might lay as a lot as 325 eggs in a yr
- About 10% birds begin laying at their 21 weeks of age
- After they attain 26 to 30 weeks of age, they produce extremely. Though, it might be completely different relying on their pressure
- After laying a most variety of eggs, they often cease laying for a number of days
- And after this era, their egg manufacturing may scale back slowly
- Egg laying charge and measurement of eggs enhance progressively
- The hens develop until their 40 weeks of age
- Weight and measurement of eggs enhance until their 50 weeks of age.
Advertising and marketing
Advertising and marketing includes a spread of costs, relying on the completely different sizes of egg, completely different manufacturers, or different variations which magnetize explicit consumers. In the residence and store state of affairs, it’s best to retailer them at regular fridge temperature.
Associated: 9 Spectacular Well being Advantages of Onions
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