Texas peanut growers have favorable market and growing conditions, and with just a little down-the-stretch cooperation from Mom Nature, 2021 might be a bumper yr, in keeping with Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service specialists.
Emi Kimura, AgriLife Extension state peanut specialist, Vernon, mentioned regardless of delays, fewer planted acres and gradual progress, Texas peanut growers had been anticipating above-average yields.
Kimura mentioned the season began with planting delays on account of very moist conditions. For instance, peanut-producing areas that acquired 1.9 inches of rainfall from April to September final yr acquired 1.8 inches of rainfall in April alone this yr.
Rains didn’t cease by July, Kimura mentioned.
“We appreciate the rain, but it did not stop, and we were behind at least two weeks,” she mentioned. “Acres in Central Texas missed their planting window because they could not access fields. They were waiting and waiting but had to give up and look for other options.”
Texas peanut crop delayed
Producers in Texas’ prime peanut area – West Texas – had been capable of plant, in addition to in South Texas and the Rolling Plains, however general acreage was anticipated to be down barely, Kimura mentioned. Planted peanut acreage in Texas was estimated at 178,000 acres in comparison with round 190,000 in 2020.
Regardless of fewer acres and hassle getting the crop planted, Kimura mentioned Texas peanut producers are hopeful on account of glorious moisture and general good growing conditions. Final yr, widespread drought and a tough freeze in late October contributed to a below-average manufacturing season.
Rain, cooler temperatures and cloudy days have slowed the crop’s progress after delayed plantings, however the moisture has allowed vegetation to supply heavy pod units, and up to date climate has supplied solar and warmth vegetation have to mature.
The outlook stays cautiously optimistic, nonetheless, Kimura mentioned. Farmers should keep away from issues like illness and pests, however most are proactive in terms of fungus and bugs that might cut back crop yield or high quality.
Kimura believes proactive administration for ailments has stored them in examine up to now and that the principle pest downside this yr has been weeds due to moist conditions and late cover improvement.
However Mom Nature is past the producers’ management. An early frost poses the most important menace to the 2021 harvest, which generally begins the primary week in October, Kimura mentioned.
The delays and gradual progress by July might push harvest for many fields later into October than most popular, Kimura mentioned. Final yr, the primary frost arrived within the Rolling Plains through the second week in October.
“We’ve talked to producers in West Texas and the Rolling Plains, and those are the two regions we worry about an early freeze,” she mentioned. “We need a warmer September to push the plants along and help us catch up. That would help, but we also are hopeful the first frost is later than last year.”
Peanut costs good for producers
An early frost would translate into grade reductions, Kimura mentioned. Grade reductions can be disappointing for producers who’re taking a look at a bumper crop and good market costs.
Francisco Abello, AgriLife Extension economist, Vernon, mentioned a majority of Texas peanut acres are grown in keeping with contracts agreed upon earlier than planting. The contracts present shellers an availability estimate and assist producers lock in consumers and costs they’ll make administration selections round.
Abello mentioned excessive demand, low U.S. shares and acreage reductions in main peanut-producing areas, together with Georgia, created robust contract costs for producers – $575 per ton on common, up $100 per ton in comparison with final yr.
The U.S. Division of Agriculture’s five-year common peanut worth is $417 per ton relying on selection, Abello mentioned, whereas common costs for the final 10 years common near $466 per ton. USDA pricings are nonetheless removed from these costs prior to now.
“Domestic demand, consumption and increased exports led to a price jump,” he mentioned. “With producers in other areas looking at other commodities like cotton and corn as a profitable rotation option, we don’t expect there to be any significant gains in peanut stocks, but we do expect demand to remain high.”
Abello mentioned the common contract worth bodes effectively for producers who’ve endured breakeven costs for years. Elevated demand for peanut butter has been a significant component in declining shares and that demand is more likely to stay regular.
“This is a much better position for Texas peanut growers,” he mentioned. “If they locked in around the average price and fields deliver on yield and quality expectations, it could be a good season for them.”
AgriLife Extension district reporters compiled the next summaries:
Grain harvest was underway. Moisture ranges had been complicating grain harvest. Heavy dews, scattered showers, coupled with very excessive humidity slowed down the drying course of in most corn and grain sorghum vegetation. Corn and sorghum growers had been stopping harvest halfway by a subject on account of excessive moisture ranges, thus slowing harvest. Harvest ought to ramp up with hotter, sunnier climate upcoming. Pastures seemed good, however some producers had been nonetheless preventing armyworms, particularly in newly lower hay fields. Scorching climate and no rain would assist finish the present armyworm menace. Hay producers had been slicing hay as climate allowed. Cooler and wetter-than-normal Might-July interval allowed forage grasses to stay inexperienced and prolonged grazing exercise. Good grazing might probably end in delayed advertising of livestock into early fall. Cotton fields had been in extraordinary situation.
Conditions had been principally dry with a couple of pop-up showers, a few of which yielded good rainfall. Some areas reported 0.5-6 inches of rainfall. Summer time tillage continued in wheat stubble. Hay making was delayed by rainfall, however slicing, raking and baling was lively in some areas with good high quality and yields reported. Sudan grass patches seemed good and nearing a second slicing. Topsoil dried out from sunny, scorching days. Pastures seemed good, however some had been exhibiting moisture stress, and grasshoppers and armyworms had been nonetheless a problem. Producers in some areas reported pastures had been greener this August than they’d ever seen. Cotton seemed truthful to good, however there have been experiences of armyworm and flea hopper stress in some counties. Sorghum and corn had been nearing harvest. Cattle seemed good with calves making good positive aspects. Some transport of stocker cattle was delayed by good grazing availability.
Scorching and humid conditions prevailed with showers had been reported in some areas. Grain sorghum harvest was nearing completion, however there have been some late-planted fields and fields in moist areas but to be harvested. Some sorghum producers deserted fields and had been ready to gather insurance coverage. Corn was being harvested, and yields had been truthful to good in most areas. A small quantity of cotton was defoliated and needs to be harvested quickly if climate permits. Rice harvest conditions had been lower than excellent as moist subject conditions induced concern for ratoon rice crop yields. Hay baling delays continued on account of rainfall occasions, however hay manufacturing was at file ranges after the primary slicing. Hay meadows had been fertilized once more in hopes of a late slicing. Forage producers continued to battle fall armyworms, however repeat purposes had been mandatory on account of frequent showers. Rangeland and pasture conditions had been unbelievable for this time of the yr. Livestock had been in fine condition, and costs remained robust.
Hay manufacturing was nonetheless going robust. Current rains and under common temperatures made for excellent hay manufacturing conditions. Pasture and rangeland conditions had been good to glorious. Subsoil and topsoil conditions had been sufficient. Livestock had been doing truthful to good, and cattle markets had been regular to stronger. Armyworms and grasshoppers remained a problem. Wild pig exercise continued.
Crops throughout the district had been in good situation with the frequent rains. Producers began irrigating once more. Cotton farmers reported many fields had been blooming, and most fields ranged from simply starting to bloom with greater than six nodes above white flower to previous physiological cutout with 3.5 nodes above white flower. Bollworms had been starting to be discovered infesting fields, and scouting suggestions had been issued, significantly in varieties with lesser than Bollgard II or no BT know-how. Cotton aphids had been probably the most prevalent insect in lots of acres. Corn fields had been in good situation, and far of the crop was mature. Most sorghum was headed out and can begin coloring quickly. Peanuts had been doing very effectively with principally glorious well being of pods and foliage. Cattle had been in good situation.
Scorching, dry climate decreased topsoil moisture ranges in pastures and crops. Soil moisture ranges had been brief to sufficient all through the district. Pasture and rangeland conditions had been poor to truthful. Corn, sorghum and cotton had been principally in truthful to good situation with some experiences of wonderful corn conditions in southern areas. Soybeans conditions had been truthful to glorious. Fallow fields had been being plowed and sprayed. Producers had been spraying for southwestern corn borer. Spider mite numbers had been growing amid drier climate.
Topsoil moisture all through the district was principally brief to sufficient. Temperatures had been just a little cooler than regular with some day by day highs under 90 levels. A number of pop showers delivered precipitation. Hotter temperatures had been beginning to take a toll on some pastureland. Farmers had been hoping for just a little rain for crops and pastures. Grain sorghum and soybeans had been doing effectively, and cotton seemed good. Corn was beginning to battle just a little in some spots. Bermuda and Bahia grasses had been producing very effectively for August. Armyworms, grasshoppers and aphids had been at treatable ranges. Hay cutters had been making an attempt to wrap up second cuttings and hoping for a 3rd. Spring-born calves seemed glorious.
Temperatures had been gentle for this time of yr. The best reported temperature exceeded 100 levels, however lows reported had been within the decrease 60s. Widespread rainfall and localized flooding was reported in southwest areas of the district with over 4 inches reported. Northern areas continued to obtain rain with quantities between 0.5-1 inch. Excessive winds had been reported throughout the district and hearth hazard continued to be excessive. Rangeland conditions continued to enhance because of a powerful monsoon season with extra rain within the forecast.
Scorching, dry climate elevated the necessity for moisture on pastures and crops. Fallow fields had been being plowed and sprayed. Producers had been spraying for southwestern corn borer, and spider mite numbers had been growing on account of drier climate.
Current rainfall was nonetheless inflicting delays in low-lying areas. Pastures and fields had been in truthful situation, and livestock had been in good situation. Places round Walker County had been starting to dry up considerably even with the scattered showers. Rice harvest was beginning to progress and will ramp up with drier conditions. Hay manufacturing was nonetheless not trying good on account of moist conditions. There was loads of grass however only a few producers had been capable of lower, dry and bale between rains. Some hay was lower and rained on whereas some meadows awaited a primary slicing. Rangeland and pasture conditions had been poor to glorious with principally good conditions being reported. Soil moisture ranges had been very brief to sufficient with sufficient ranges being commonest.
Rainfall acquired throughout the district ranged from hint quantities as much as 2.5 inches. Livestock had been in truthful to good situation, and markets appeared regular. Stocker cattle going to the sale barns this fall had been anticipated to be heavier than in years previous. Weaning of lambs and goats was underway. Wildlife was in good situation. Rangeland and pasture conditions had been good. Producers halted harvests the place climate made it too moist to proceed. Bandera County reported an increase in bacterial and fungal infections in timber on account of extreme precipitation. Hay bailing continued. Corn and sorghum harvests progressed the place moisture ranges allowed. Soil preparation for fall and winter crops was additionally delayed by climate. Fall gardeners had been placing vegetation within the floor and anticipating good manufacturing.
Greater temperatures and scattered showers continued. Some areas reported temperatures past 100 levels whereas others reported temperatures within the 80s. La Salle County reported as much as 2 inches of rainfall, Dwell Oak County reported 1-3 inches and Jim Hogg County reported as much as half an inch. Soil moisture ranges had been sufficient, however increased temperatures had been contributing to declining conditions in some areas. Current rains and moist conditions had been delaying fieldwork in some areas. Sorghum and corn harvests continued in drier areas with good yields reported together with some sprouting harm. Grain harvest was full in southern components of the district. Cotton continued to develop, however some fields in southern areas had been in saturated fields and standing water. Cotton lint was drooping on vegetation with open bolls on account of rains. Some cotton fields had been defoliated. Peanut fields had been progressing effectively. Watermelon and cantaloupe producers had been nonetheless harvesting some fields. Irrigated Coastal Bermuda grass fields had been producing good bales. Pasture and rangeland conditions had been good to superb. Sunflowers and sorghum meals plots had been seeding out. Tuna berries on cactus had been offering vitamin for wildlife. Ranchers had been offering supplemental feed to livestock and wildlife. Cattle costs had been constant. Hay producers continued slicing and baling hay the place climate allowed. Forage manufacturing for hay bales and grazing going into fall seemed promising for many areas. Inventory tanks had been full to holding regular. Rains helped sugarcane and citrus producers cut back irrigation prices. Some citrus timber continued to indicate indicators of restoration from the winter storm, however some producers had been opting to uproot badly broken and useless timber for a contemporary begin.
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