Home Farm Equipment Feedback from the Field Round-up: Week ending June 6, 2021

Feedback from the Field Round-up: Week ending June 6, 2021

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Editor’s Observe: The Feedback from the Field collection is an open-sourced platform for U.S. growers to share and examine rising circumstances throughout the nation. Wish to get in on the motion?! Click here to take our ongoing farmer survey on crop progress at any level in the 2021 grain season. Our Google Map, up to date day by day, offers all previous responses for farm readers.

Corn slides on suboptimal crop improvement

Corn circumstances tumbled final week as scorching and dry climate slowed crop improvement throughout the Heartland. Yesterday’s Crop Progress from USDA report noticed corn scores for the week ending June 6 fall 4% from every week previous to 72% good to glorious.

Declining scores in the Higher Midwest and Plains paved the method for greater costs this morning. Corn crops in North Dakota and South Dakota had been solely rated as 42% and 46% good to glorious, respectively, in yesterday’s report contributing to the weekly decline.

Feedback from the Field respondents throughout the nation overwhelmingly agreed that corn circumstances are honest, at worst. Just a few growers reported favorable crop improvement regardless of early season challenges.

  • “2 leaf stage and spraying post herbicides.” – Northern Illinois
  • “Planted 5/17/21, up 6 days later. Rains have been enough.” – Northwestern Ohio
  • “Growth head been slow, but overall crop is in pretty good shape.” – Northwestern Ohio

However extra farmers reported their struggles over the previous week as cool planting circumstances, frost injury, gradual emergence charges, and lingering drought proceed to stunt crop development.

Frost injury from two weeks in the past was additional evaluated in the most up-to-date report, with Feedback from the Field responses echoing crop injury. IN many circumstances, freeze injury overlapped with more and more dry circumstances in the Higher Midwest.

  • “Froze.” – Northwestern Minnesota
  • “Significant frost damage.” – North Central Iowa
  • “Frost killed 10 percent of beans; some corn damaged.” – South Central Wisconsin
  • “We need moisture bad. Frost damaged corn and beans 10 days ago. Crops are struggling to take off.” – Southwestern Wisconsin

Cool temperatures this spring slowed emergence charges throughout the Corn Belt, regardless of speedy planting progress. USDA’s corn emergence information will not be as indicative of corn yield potential as its speedy charges counsel.

  • I would consider it excellent if it was not late.” – Northwestern Tennessee
  • “Slow to emerge because of coolness.” – Central Indiana
  • Took almost a month for some of the corn to emerge.” – Crimson River Valley, North Dakota
  • “Cold temps then hot temps then cold temps again with frost! Too many bad days, we lost top end bushels this year, maybe average crop if rains return.” – Northern Illinois

The mix of cool temperatures this spring and more and more dry climate in the Higher Midwest don’t bode properly for corn yields. An rising quantity of Feedback from the Field respondents lamented that dry soils may additional hinder crop improvement, particularly as scorching temperatures roast the Plains and Higher Midwest over the subsequent few days.

  • “Very dry, really need rain.” – Southeast Wisconsin
  • “Very, very dry topsoil. Ungerminated corn laying in dry dirt. Soon it will be too late to emerge and make a crop.” – Northern Minnesota
  • “It’s almost too dry.” – Western Ohio
  • “Dry and very yellow.” – Northwestern Illinois
  • “We need rain now.” – Northwestern Minnesota

Soybeans wrestle

USDA’s Crop Progress report yesterday featured a primary have a look at 2021 soybean circumstances. USDA estimates 67% of anticipated 2021 soybean acres are rated in good to glorious situation as of Sunday, down from 72% the identical time a 12 months in the past as drought, frost, and funky planting circumstances maintain again optimum crop improvement.

The studying got here in about 3% decrease than analysts had been anticipating, giving legs to this morning’s value rally on the Chicago Board of Commerce as tight provide expectations for the 2021 crop proceed to additional dwindle on crop injury in the Northern Plains.

Soybeans crops in the Higher Midwest have struggled over the previous couple weeks as excessive climate occasions – together with frost, wind, and drought – take a toll on yields. Feedback from the Field respondents chronicled the injury over the previous week, with most farmers reporting honest circumstances for the 2021 soybean crop.

  • “Froze—replanting 100%.” – Northern Minnesota
  • “Wind damage from blowing dirt and poor emergence from lack of rain. Driest May on record since 1880s.” – Crimson River Valley, Northwestern Minnesota
  • “Frost damage and need moisture really bad. [Crop development] at a standstill.” – Southwestern Wisconsin
  • “Very thin stand from cold ground due to heavy residue from ‘20 crop. Also frost damage.” – North Central Iowa
  • “Drought conditions.” – Southeastern Wisconsin

Some growers had been extra optimistic, although favorable geography and climate circumstances gave them a bonus over friends in the Higher Midwest. “Stands are filling in and it has been cleaned up,” a Northwestern Tennessee respondent noticed of a soy crop in good situation, due to current rains.

A Northern Illinois grower additionally reported good soybean stands. The farmer’s soybean crop “likes the heat,” and was spared frost injury that riddled the area a pair weeks earlier.

Wheat’s climate woes

For the week ending June 6, spring wheat scores tumbled 5% decrease. Now solely 38% of anticipated 2021 spring wheat acreage is rated in good to glorious situation, in comparison with final 12 months’s score of 82% for the identical interval. With over 4% fewer spring wheat acres planted in 2021 in comparison with the prior 12 months, Minneapolis futures costs may proceed to get pleasure from substantial value appreciation as spring wheat yield outlooks decline.

Growers in the Northern Plains may see some drought reduction this week, however with a value. Rains and extreme storms are forecast in the area immediately and Thursday. Thursday’s storms may see excessive winds and hail, which may additional injury drought-stressed spring wheat crops in the space.

Storms are prone to ease in the area by Friday, leaving a path of rain showers as the climate system shifts in the Higher Nice Lakes States.

NOAA’s 24-hour Precipitation Forecast (as of June 8).

Winter wheat harvest is underway in the Southern Plains, regardless of some climate delays. For the week ending final Sunday, 2% of the 2021 winter wheat crop had been harvested, down from 6% a 12 months in the past and the five-year common of seven% for the identical reporting interval.

Cool and moist climate in the Southern Plains this spring slowed harvest paces in the area. Texas solely had 20% of its crop harvested as of Sunday, in comparison with the five-year common of 40% for the identical reporting interval. Equally, Oklahoma was solely 2% full with harvest whereas the five-year common stood at 17%.

The moist and funky climate this spring additionally bodes properly for gentle purple winter wheat yields. Feedback from the Field respondents in Ohio, Indiana, and Tennessee all reported good to glorious circumstances as harvest approaches. “[It] got a little dry at the end,” the Tennessee farmer shared. “It still looks great, though.”

Hope for trendline yields stays shaky

Regardless of a number of constructive outlooks over the previous week, it appears more and more unlikely that U.S. corn and soybean growers will have the ability to hit USDA’s trendline yield forecast of 179.5 bushels per acre and 50.8 bushels per acre, respectively, this 12 months.

Well timed rains in the Northern Plains and Higher Midwest this week may present some reduction, however extra moisture shall be crucial in the coming weeks if corn crops are to have a preventing likelihood at robust yields in 2021.

And that will not occur till July. NOAA’s one- and two-week forecasts counsel that scorching and dry climate is right here to remain for June, although extra rain might be on the approach to the Corn Belt as July nears.

“[The] weather goes from very hot to very cold and rainfall is either too little or way too much,” a Northern Ohio grower noticed. “[It’s] hard to grow top yielding crops under those conditions.”

Amid mounting climate variability throughout the nation and declining crop circumstances, U.S. farmers will proceed to brace in opposition to scorching temperatures and dry skies this week west of the Mississippi, which may doubtlessly reverse declining drought circumstances in the Plains over the previous month.

“[It’s a] weather year like 1988, but with 2021 hybrids the saving grace!” a Northern Illinois Feedback from the Field respondent famous.

Anticipate market volatility to warmth up in the coming weeks as the thermometer rises.



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