Garden Egg (Solanum melongena (L)) Consists of the next Appropriate varieties: Lengthy purple, Ojwanshua, Child aubergines (Ravaya), Black magnificence, Florida market, Ntrowa pa. they usually want a comparatively excessive day (320C) and evening (210C) temperatures, thus require heat temperatures for optimum development and improvement and Planting seeds may be obtained from respected seed firms.
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Garden eggs carry out higher in well-drained soils with excessive natural matter content material and the location must also be near a dependable supply of water provide for irrigation.
Land preparation is essential in enhancing early crop institution and satisfactory weed management. Furthermore, backyard eggs reply very positively to natural matter, subsequently, it’s advisable to include 30 tons/ha of decomposed farm-yard manure into the soil not less than a fortnight earlier than planting.
Propagation of Garden Eggs
Garden egg seeds needs to be nursed in a tray or seedbed. Then prick out seedlings in seed trays into bigger bins at 2 leaf stage and transplant to the sphere at 5 leaf stage.
Moreover, apply a liquid manure (20kg-25kg cattle/poultry manure in 200L water) or answer of 6-10g per litre of compound fertilizer excessive in phosphorus (15-15-15/20-20-0 NPK), at 75ml (1tin milk) per plant to the bottom of leaves of seedlings are pale.
Alternatively, the already ready seedling nutrient corresponding to MAP could also be utilized to spice up root development.
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Plant seedlings ideally in the direction of the night at a sq. spacing of 90cmx90cm in the course of the main moist season and 90cmx60cm within the minor season at a Seed fee of: 350g to 500g per ha.
The Nutrient necessities of Garden egg is: 207kg/ha of N, 46kg/ha of P2O5 and 340 kg/ha of Ok20.
It’s advisable to make use of soil evaluation as a information for fertilizer software. A common suggestion is 2-3 cut up software of 250kg to 400kg /ha (a complete of 23g/plant) of 15-15-15 NPK compound fertilizer.
Facet gown at 4,8,12 and 16 weeks after planting and after every harvest apply 5g/plant of Potassium Nitrate (400g/ha). Additionally perform your Weed management repeatedly by mulching and common hoeing.
Pest and Illness Management
Pests: Fruit borer (Leucinodes orbonalis), Pyralid Moth larva (Euzophra villora), thrips sp. Eggplant Skeletonizer (Selepa docilis), and spider mites are the foremost pests of backyard egg and they are often managed by routine sprays of advisable pesticides.
Illnesses: Garden egg illnesses like: Bacterial Wilt (Pseudomonas solanacearum) and Fruit Rot (Phytophthora parasitica) may be managed by practising crop rotation, eradicating diseased crops, the usage of resistant cultivars and apply advisable pesticides.
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Garden eggs often begin to bear fruits from about 2 months after transplanting and will proceed to bear fruits for 3 months or extra. Fruits needs to be harvested twice weekly whereas they’re comparatively younger.
Fruits should have shiny pores and skin and engaging colour. In the meantime throughout harvesting, guarantee to chop the fruit from the branches with about 5cm stalk and calyx hooked up.
Relying on the range and administration practices used, a yield of 15-40 tons/ha may be obtained and the Fruits have to be graded and packed into plastic baskets after harvesting.
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