Home Farm Equipment How next week’s USDA report could impact grain prices

How next week’s USDA report could impact grain prices


With grain prices consolidating in a sideways commerce sample for almost two months, the market has been patiently ready for contemporary elementary provide or demand information. No query that the 2020/21 fundamentals are bullish, with ending shares so tight. For this reason corn and soybean futures prices have been general supported at these greater values.

Next week’s Quarterly Shares and Potential Plantings report will make clear each outdated crop provides available, and the potential for brand spanking new crop provides for the 2021/22 crop yr. Commerce will eagerly await the information as extra planted acres are wanted to ease outdated crop tight ending shares.

The value response after next Wednesday’s report is predicted to be unstable because of the bullish tone of the market.

From a technical standpoint the longer a market trades in a sideways vogue, the larger the value breakout could change into. Fairly frankly, relying on outcomes of the report next week, soybeans are in a technical buying and selling sample the place the breakout transfer will probably be $1.50 (greater or decrease relying on USDA information). Corn prices look topic to a possible 50 cent transfer (greater or decrease relying on USDA information).

Are you prepared for that?

Soybean situations

Nonetheless the bullish elementary chief on this market, soybeans virtually really feel as if they don a bullet proof vest heading into this report, the basics are that bullish. That being mentioned, listed here are factors to think about.

Very first thing to observe on Wednesday’s report is the Quarterly Shares information. Commerce analysts have been insisting for 2 months that the carryout is even tighter than what USDA is suggesting, and that worth rationing has not but begun for remaining soybean provides on this nation. If the Quarterly shares information is pleasant, and reveals present provides available could also be tighter than anticipated, that will likely be a bullish issue to carry prices greater in and of itself.

Next, flip your eyeballs to the planted acres quantity. The USDA Outlook discussion board in February pegged planted soybean acres at 90 million acres. Within the photographs that observe, I present how ending shares differentiate between totally different acre and yield situations for the 2021/22 rising season.

Backside line, soybeans want all of the acres they will get after which some.

First perceive that within the situations beneath, I used demand tables from the March 9 WASDE report.

If the quarterly shares report means that ending shares are even tighter than what was printed on the March 9 WASDE report, that solely makes the soybean story that rather more bullish.

Learn these two sentences once more; that is crucial.

Heading into this report, commerce assumes that soybean planted acres will likely be close to 90 million acres, as was recommended on the February Outlook Discussion board information. However what if it’s much less? If planted acres are available at 89 million acres, and there’s no modified to demand from the March 9 WASDE report, with trendline yield of 51 bushels per acre, then ending shares are 78 million bushels. That’s MUCH lower than the present USDA variety of 120 million bushel carryout for the 2020/21 season.

If the USDA stories that 90 million acres of soybeans will likely be planted on this nation this spring, and makes no modifications to the demand facet, then with trendline yield of 51 bushels per acre endings shares enhance to 129 million bushels (up from 120 mil bu. now). If 90 million acres of soybeans are planted, with no modifications to demand or outdated crop ending shares, however yield is barely much less, then ending shares DROP to a detrimental worth.

Within the third state of affairs, even when the USDA predicts 91 million acres of soybeans to be planted this spring, with trendline yield of 51 bushels per acre, ending shares enhance to 180 million bushels, which remains to be supportive for prices.

AgMarketingiQ-Soy 90 Million Acres

AgMarketingIQ-91Million soybean Acres

At this level, it might take a black swan of demand destruction to take the pleasant elementary facet away from soybeans. Clearly, climate this spring and summer season will likely be crucial for soybean prices.

In my examples, I’m utilizing conservative yield numbers, and never even accounting for potential drought.

Corn has extra wild playing cards

Switching over to corn, there’s a a lot broader scope to think about for Wednesday’s report. First, do draw your eyes to the Quarterly shares information. There’s a lot discrepancy for a way a lot corn is definitely remaining within the countryside.

Decrease yields final fall, engaging prices, robust exports, and farmers proudly owning extra bins, makes it a bit trickier to know for positive the place present provides available truly are. Commerce must get a deal with on that information, after which will rapidly shift consideration to the planted acres info.

Within the charts that observe, there are three vital issues to know. Like soybeans, concerning demand numbers, I used demand info from the March 9 WASDE report. Next, I used a 91% planted-to-harvested ratio. (Historically, the planted-to-harvested % ratio is all the time someplace between 91% and 92%. I selected 91% as that matched extra intently with the March 9 WASDE information.)

Final, I used 180 bu. per acre as my trendline yield quantity and 175 bpa as my “lower” yield quantity. These yield estimates just about assume nice climate this rising season. This doesn’t assume drought or different climate/manufacturing points. (Evaluate to the yield for the 2020/21 season of 172 bpa and the yield from the 2019/20 season which was 167.5 bpa.)

In February’s Outlook Discussion board USDA recommended planted acres for corn this spring would probably be close to 92 million planted acres. If true, and utilizing trendline yield of 180 bpa, then ending shares enhance from 1.502 billion bushels, to 1.971 billion bushels. If 92 million acres are planted, however yield is 175, then there are barely any modifications to ending shares from the 2020/21 season to the 2021/22 season.

AgMarketingIQ-Corn 92 Million Acres

Present pre-report estimates anticipate more than 92 million acres of corn to be planted, nevertheless. Here’s what the demand desk seems to be like if there are 93 million acres planted. If yield is 180 bpa, then ending shares develop considerably to 2.135 billion bushels. Nonetheless, 93 million acres planted with 175 bpa for yield solely permits for small development of ending shares, as much as 1.712 billion bushels.

AgMarketingIQ-Corn 93 Million Acres

Right here is the Debbie Downer

Ought to the USDA forecast planted acres nearer to 94 million acres, and make no modifications to demand from a Quarterly Shares facet, then the corn market will probably react negatively. Trendline yield on 94 million acres factors to almost 2.3 billion bushels of corn. And even with a slight climate hiccup and 175 yield on 94 million acres pegs ending shares at 1.871 billion bushels.

AgMarketingIQ-Corn 94 Million Acres

Keep in mind – going ahead, USDA (on paper) for the 2021/22 crop yr will use a trendline yield till climate proves in any other case – and generally “weather proving otherwise” doesn’t present up on USDA stories till June.

What’s at stake

There’s a lot a stake on this upcoming report. Sure, soybean fundamentals are fairly pleasant, however you’ll be able to see how if the USDA predicts something greater than 93 million acres for planted corn acres (with no draw down in shares), it could take summer season climate earlier than corn prices can transfer greater.

March 31 can also be finish of quarter. April 1 begins a brand new quarter, with potential for “fund money” to impact worth motion relying on USDA information launched on March 31.

Being prepared for this sort of worth response and volatility takes time in your half to organize your advertising and marketing technique for any of the situations above. This can be a market the place you must handle upside worth potential, but in addition handle worth danger. Managing each elements forward of the report is what makes you a great marketer. Solely reacting after the report is completed will probably permit for emotion and remorse. Are you prepared?

Disclaimer: The info contained herein is believed to be drawn from dependable sources however can’t be assured. People appearing on this info are answerable for their very own actions. Commodity buying and selling will not be appropriate for all recipients of this report. Futures and choices buying and selling contain vital danger of loss and will not be appropriate for everybody. Subsequently, fastidiously contemplate whether or not such buying and selling is appropriate for you in gentle of your monetary situation. No illustration is being made that state of affairs planning, technique or self-discipline will assure success or income. Any selections it’s possible you’ll make to purchase, promote or maintain a futures or choices place on such analysis are fully your individual and never in any approach deemed to be endorsed by or attributed to Complete Farm Advertising. Complete Farm Advertising and TFM confer with Stewart-Peterson Group Inc., Stewart-Peterson Inc., and SP Danger Providers LLC. Stewart-Peterson Group Inc. is registered with the Commodity Futures Buying and selling Fee (CFTC) as an introducing dealer and is a member of Nationwide Futures Affiliation. SP Danger Providers, LLC is an insurance coverage company and an equal alternative supplier. Stewart-Peterson Inc. is a publishing firm. A buyer could have relationships with all three corporations. SP Danger Providers LLC and Stewart-Peterson Inc. are wholly owned by Stewart-Peterson Group Inc. except in any other case famous, companies referenced are companies of Stewart-Peterson Group Inc. Offered for solicitation

The opinions of the writer aren’t essentially these of Farm Futures or Farm Progress. 


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