In case you may’t get an knowledgeable before shopping for your Point of Lay birds, then from the place you might be shopping for the birds, ask for the data of the birds which embody the age, supply, vaccination and different medicine data. Thou it’s nonetheless better you get an knowledgeable. In case you need assistance, the writer of this text will be contacted.
Now allow us to talk about in regards to the superb technique of elevating layers for optimum egg manufacturing and income under:
Layer poultry farming means elevating egg-laying poultry birds for the aim of business egg manufacturing. Layer chickens are such a particular species of hens, which want to be raised from when they’re at some point previous. They begin laying eggs commercially from 18-19 weeks of age. They proceed laying eggs constantly until their 72-78 weeks of age. They’ll produce about one kg of eggs by consuming about 2.25 kg of meals throughout their egg laying interval.
In accordance to the character and shade of egg, layer hens are of two sorts. Brief descriptions of these two sorts are listed under.
White Egg Laying Hens
This sort of hens is relatively smaller in measurement. they eat much less meals, and the colour of the egg shell is white. Isa White, Lehman White, Nikchik, Bab Cock BV-300, Harvard White, Hello Intercourse White, Sever White, Hello line White, Bovanch White and so forth. are some common white egg laying chickens.
Brown Egg Laying Hens
Brown egg laying hens are s bigger in measurement. They eat extra meals, in contrast to white egg layers. Lay larger eggs than different laying breeds. The egg shell is brown coloured. There are a lot of sorts of brown layer out there. Amongst these Isa Brown, Hello Intercourse Brown, Sever 579, Lehman Brown, Hello Line Brown, Bab Cock BV-380, Gold Line, Bablona Tetro, Bablona Harko, Havard Brown and so forth. are very appropriate for business layer.
On this case you have got to choose these breeds that are appropriate to your layer poultry farming enterprise and may produce properly in your space.
The widespread breeds of chickens in Nigeria are Isa Brown, Arbor Acres, Marshall, Ross, Kuroilers, White Cockerel, and Black cockerel. All the time ask in regards to the breed you might be shopping for in addition to the peculiarity of the breed.
For business eggs manufacturing, learn under before deciding on your breed; *Select extremely productive laying hens appropriately.
- All kind of hens don’t produce equal numbers of eggs.
- The chosen breeds will need to have good manufacturing functionality.
In case your chosen breed comprises the specified attribute and have a popularity for egg manufacturing, then that breed is appropriate for your enterprise.
Learn Additionally: How to Make Cash as a Poultry Farmer
To arrange a layer farm, the next steps have to be taken;
The housing system is essential for rearing layers and efficient maintaining and administration. As a new individual to Livestock enterprise, you don’t need to make investments all of your capital into shopping for lands in an city space which can end up not getting used as a result of authorities coverage is in opposition to establishing poultry farm close to residential/city areas for well being implication.
Battery cages are the perfect housing cages for laying birds as a result of it creates consolation and stability for them.
With a location in thoughts, you now have clearer concept of the capital required of you. Write down your detailed capital and funding necessities to your poultry farming in Nigeria enterprise and set out to supply for it.
Like each different farming initiatives, the larger you intend to begin, the extra funding required. You want to resolve on the extent of capital funding you might be keen to commit to this enterprise before beginning.
Search for good Hatchery the place you will get wholesome day previous chicks to begin with.
Feeds and Water Administration
You should buy feed out of your native market or make the feed at your personal home. You possibly can simply make certain the one purchased or made is enriched with protein and mineral that are very important for laying hens.
- Give them no less than 2% calcium for 2weeks after start
- Feed them with starter feed for 8weeks
- Serve them two or 3 times each day until they’re 18weeks previous
- Serve them layer poultry feed in accordance to their age and weight
- Don’t lower their feed whereas laying (even when their weight enhance)
- Present satisfactory water in accordance to the demand of your laying hens (provide chilly water throughout sizzling climate, and lukewarm water in chilly climate)
This makes your hen illness resistance. It helps to maintain them free from infections and scale back mortality charge. However before vaccination, take word that sick hen doesn’t want to be vaccinated anymore (separate sick birds to keep away from spreading) and ensure vaccination tools are washed with sizzling boiled water or antiseptic/germicide. Listed here are the vaccines that may be given to layer hens.
However before vaccination, take word that sick hen doesn’t want to be vaccinated anymore (separate sick birds to keep away from spreading) and ensure vaccination tools are washed with sizzling boiled water or antiseptic/germicide. Listed here are the vaccines that may be given to layer hens. Marex, Gamboro, Salmonela and so forth.
Be aware that a mean wholesome Layer lays eggs nearly on daily basis or no less than 4 instances in a week. Because of this technically a Layer is succesful of producing one other hen twice in three days.
- Throughout the first 20 weeks of age, about 5% of hens begin laying eggs and may lay as a lot as 325 eggs in a yr
- About 10% birds begin laying at their 21 weeks of age
- Once they attain 26 to 30 weeks of age, they produce extremely. Though, it could be totally different relying on their pressure
- After laying a most quantity of eggs, they often cease laying for a few days
- And after this era, their egg manufacturing would possibly scale back slowly
- Egg laying charge and measurement of eggs enhance progressively
- The hens develop until their 40 weeks of age
- Weight and measurement of eggs enhance until their 50 weeks of age.
Advertising and marketing
Advertising and marketing includes a vary of costs, relying on the totally different sizes of egg, totally different manufacturers, or different variations which are a magnet for specific consumers. Within the residence and store state of affairs, it’s best to retailer them at regular fridge temperature.
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