Earlier than beginning your cucumber farming enterprise, listed here are some vital components you want to put into consideration and one of the best methods to deal with them.
1. Carryout a Good Analysis
First you may have to make a great and ample analysis on what cucumber is all about and the way to develop one.
2. Make a great marketing strategy
After you may need gathered your analysis findings then the following step is to make a marketing strategy which can aid you manage and plan your farm the best way it must be.
You may want to draw back from this considering that it’s unimportant however imagine me it’s. A properly organized enterprise is the trail to its progress.
3. Choose a Good Location
It’s advisable to think about in search of a loamy-clay soil as a result of as cucumbers want sufficient water as 90% of it incorporates water due to this fact a loamy-clay soil can take up and retain water.
Cucumbers requires sufficient daylight, due to this fact the land to be chosen for planting shouldn’t have shades that can forestall daylight from getting into and likewise forestall your cucumbers from rising properly.
The location also needs to be simply accessible, to support within the straightforward transportation of your cucumbers and likewise for the consumers. The location of the land required largely depends upon the capability of the cucumber farming you need to domesticate.
4. Sourcing for seeds:
The success of your cucumber farming largely depends upon the seed used for the cultivation, due to this fact the selection of seed and the supply must be critically thought-about.
5. Land Preparation:
The land to be used have to be cleared and all weeds have to be eliminated for finest outcomes then make the beds for acceptable and coordinated spacing. The usage of herbicides to weeding must be prevented as it could actually make the soil inappropriate for the cucumber progress.
Moisten the soil whether it is dry, earlier than planting and be sure that the pH of the soil is properly balanced; if potential, the pH of the soil must be pretty neutral-slightly alkaline, that’s, pH degree shut to 7.0.
Fertilize the soil earlier than planting your cucumber, you should utilize NPK 15:15:15 or you too can use natural manure however it is strongly recommended that you simply use natural manure to make the soil pure and for the well being of the crops.
Learn Additionally: 13 Well being Advantages of Cucumbers
6. Planting strategies in Cucumber Farming:
Through the planting course of within the area, push the cucumbers seeds barely into the soil on the beds at about 1 inch into the highest of the soil. The planting house must be between 45.72 to 92.44 cm aside (for planting seeds or seedlings/transplanted seeds).
After planting the seeds, stakes must be constructed on the sides of the beds to assist the cucumber leaves as they grows as a result of cucumbers are principally climbers and they also typically, require helps to develop.
As quickly because the seedlings sprout up, mulch the vacant soil with mulching movies: Mulching is an act of masking the vacant beds (the place you didn’t plant the seeds due to this fact Make a gap the place you plant your seeds for rising) of the soil with lengthy/roll of darkish nylon which may be simply bought in markets.
To place the mulch, use a shovel to open the perimeters on the fringe of the beds and tuck the movies in it. The rationale why you might be mulching is as a result of it is vitally good for conserving the soil heat and moist and likewise assist in controlling the short progress of weeds. When you intend to plant it within the nursery after which transplant the seedlings to the sphere, be sure you fertilize the soil.
7. Time for Planting and Irrigation:
Cucumbers may be planted anytime of the years, supplied that you simply present it with sufficient and ample water.
Subsequently ample association have to be made for the supply of water which might be from a close-by stream or a borehole supply which you can use sprinklers to spray, additionally management erosion, an excessive amount of damp or drought.
Handbook weeding have to be executed at about 20-30 days after planting then apply placid liquid fertilizer or ideally natural fertilizer each two weeks
Strive to forestall the leaves from turning yellow, but when it does then apply a excessive nitrogen fertilizer however don’t over fertilize the vegetation.
9. Pests and Ailments in a Cucumber Farm:
One of the vital obstructions which have an effect on the profitable progress of your cucumber farming enterprise in Nigeria is pest and illnesses.
Some flies which often perches on the cucumbers leaves are good just like the butterfly and bees, they don’t eat the leaves however solely perches on the leaves throughout the day due to the brightness of the cucumbers flower however some bugs which eats the go away destroys the plant.
Pests like anthracnose, mildew, mosaic, girl fowl, beetles and grasshoppers are among the many go away destroyers. Goal once they use to come and spray pesticides at common intervals to management these pests additionally management monkeys, cow, cattle and goats, these animals eats the leaves and fruits as they grows which causes loss in your cucumber productions.
Ailments like Alternaria leaf blight, Angular leaf spot, Anthracnose, Aphids and so forth also needs to be seemed out for and stop.
10. Harvesting and Advertising and marketing in Cucumber Farming:
Cucumber are harvested when their colour seems inexperienced and guarantee not to harvest cucumbers when it’s ripe as a result of the fruits can be yellow in colour and no one will like to purchase this type of cucumber.
Earlier than harvesting, discover consumers who’re involved in buying the fruit to forestall it from spoiling after storage. The maturity day of cucumber is between 40-45 days; although this depends upon the kind of seeds you purchase. Harvesting is finished manually with palms and may to be dealt with with care to forestall bruises and damages.
After harvest, wash them rapidly in a basin of water and organize them fastidiously in luggage prepared for promote.
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