Snail farming often known as snail enterprise is easy and the administration practices are quite simple. We have to ask and reply some of the following questions under on snail rearing to allow us perceive the impacts of snail farming on the surroundings extra:
• What’s the impact of rearing snail beneath domestication on the wild?
• Environment i.e. the ambiance? Is the rearing a nuisance to man?
• What are the seemingly supply of the air pollution?
• How can the air pollution be managed?
Impact of Snail Business on the Environment
Now allow us to reply the questions above to allow us get the clearer understanding about the affect of snail enterprise on the surroundings.
The edible large snails in African belong to 2 genera Achatina Lamarch and Archachatina Albers. Species of each genera are widespread south of the Sahara; Achatina achatina being the commonest species in West Africa, whereas Archachatina marginata happens extra generally in Southern Nigeria and in the Congo basin (Hodasi, 1984).
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The West African species prefers main rain forest habitats but additionally happens in moist secondary development and in the undergrowth of cocoa and rubber plantations.
Snail populations particularly when performed on a industrial snail farming system (snail enterprise) are highest throughout the wet season when they’re collected in massive numbers by rural communities, Snails are marketed recent or smoke-dried and could be very low-cost throughout the season when they’re considerable. Attitudes of folks to snail consumption differ inside the sub-region with three most important tendencies.
In the southern forest areas, snails are a delicacy for a big quantity of folks and such individuals are ready to pay excessive costs for them. In the northern areas, snails are a taboo and lots of tribes is not going to contact them, not to mention eat them.
In between the two extremes, are those that would favor different kinds of animal protein, however who would take snails, notably throughout the season of abundance when snails could be collected freely from the wild or bought cheaply from the markets. It’s the first class of folks that snail farming ventures may goal.
Makes an attempt at wild animal domestication haven’t been restricted to vertebrate species; invertebrate species together with snails and caterpillars have additionally been the topic of domestication.
The Romans farmed snails for many years (Elmslie, 1982). In Africa, the feasibility of farming the large snail was demonstrated by a quantity of researchers in West Africa in the early Seventies (e.g. Ajayi, 1971; Plummer, 1975; Ajayi et al., 1978; Hodasi, 1979).
Snails have been raised in small pens in lots of areas inside the sub-region and at present in Ghana, there’s a main marketing campaign to advertise snail farming each as a back-yard exercise to complement family revenue and protein provide and as massive scale industrial exercise.
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In the wild, snails actively develop and reproduce throughout the wet season and estivate in the dry season. In captivity, they’ll develop and reproduce all through the 12 months if they’re supplied with common provide of water, meals and lime (Ajayi et al., 1978).
In the wild, they’re predominantly vegetarian, searching on tender leaves, greens and fruits which have dropped to the floor. Captive snails have been fed on wild lettuce Lactuca taraxacifolia and a variety of different leaves and ripe fruits together with pawpaw.
Ajayi et al. (1978) listed 28 species of dicotolydons and 6 species of monocotolydons eaten by A. marginata and reported imply incubation interval (measured from onset of egg laying to hatching) of 38 days (vary 30 – 45 days).
Physique weight at hatching averaged 2.14 gm with a weekly development of 0.85 gm and grownup weights of as much as 230 gm had been recorded. Younger snails attain sexual maturity at roughly 7-8 months of age.
The snail farming business or snail manufacturing is rising quickly in West Africa, and with satisfactory help, each monetary and technical, the business has a excessive potential as a supply of animal protein for each rural and concrete households.
Other than being low-cost, snail farming enterprise or snail enterprise have the benefit of being simply transported and simple to retailer alive for a substantial size of time. The small unit dimension additionally implies that producers for family consumption can harvest simply what’s required for a meal.
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