Multivitamins assist birds to regain vitality after some tense circumstances. It helps the birds to feed higher and in addition enhances their productiveness.
In the meantime multivitamins can’t be abused on the farm; it needs to be used repeatedly as birds are most of the occasions subjected to at least one kind of stress or the opposite.
For instance: stress of vaccination, debeaking, transportation and even the stress of laying and so on. as a routine, I like to recommend vitamin 3 days in per week for these I seek the advice of for particularly for business layers.
There are such a lot of multivitamins which can be good and don’t be hooked up to a specific vitamin as giving some nutritional vitamins a trial will that not solely those you already know which can be good.
Some farmers additionally ask questions like: “I bought some drugs last year for my birds which I have disposed off. Now I have new birds, can I use the remaining drugs of the last year for my new birds?
Well as afar as you are sure that the drugs have not expired and that they were well kept, you can use them if they are recommended to you by your consultant.
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Importance of Multivitamins in Poultry Production
Now let us discuss more about the importance of multivitamins in poultry production below:
A deficiency of one or more vitamins can lead to a number of diseases or syndromes.
Vitamins are divided into two categories: fat-soluble and water-soluble. The fat-soluble vitamins are A, D, E, and K. The water-soluble vitamins include vitamin C and the B vitamins.
Poultry can make vitamin C, so there is no dietary requirement established for this vitamin. Vitamin C supplementation is useful when birds are in stress.
Vitamin A is required for normal growth, reproduction and maintenance of epithelial cells in good condition (skin and the linings of the digestive, reproductive, and respiratory tracts).
Deficiency causes nutritional roup, characterised by conjunctivitis, oculo-nasal discharge, and eyelids stuck together with thick exudates. In advanced cases necrosis and keratinisation of mucosa of alimentary and respiratory tract occurs.
Fish liver oil and greens are rich sources of vitamin A.
Vitamin D3 is required for proper absorption and utilisation of calcium and phosphorous, which are required for normal growth, bone development, and eggshell formation.
Vitamin D can be produced when sunlight hits the bird’s skin. Deficiency leads to rickets. Birds produce thin shelled eggs with reduced hatchability, show leg weakness and penguin like sitting posture. The beak, claws and ribs become very pliable.
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Characteristic feature is the bending of sternum and spinal column. Fish liver oils are rich sources of vitamin D.
Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant and important for normal neurological functions. Deficiency leads to encephalomalacia/crazy chick disease, exudative diathesis in young birds, muscular dystrophy seen more frequently in older and mature birds.
Vitamin K is essential for synthesis of prothrombin, thus it plays an important role in clotting mechanisms and also has a protective effect against coccidiosis.
Deficiency of vitamin K may cause an increase of blood spots in eggs, haemorrhages in the legs and breast and a failure of blood clotting.
Wheat germ oil, fish liver oil, alfalfa meal, greens, germinated pulses, soybean oil, grains and fish meals are rich source of Vitamin A, D3, E and K.
The B vitamins include vitamin thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, pantothenic acid, pyridoxine, biotin, folic acid, and cyanocobalamin.
The B vitamins are involved in many metabolic functions, including energy metabolism. A vitamin premix is typically used to compensate for the fluctuating levels of vitamins found naturally in food and to assure adequate levels of all vitamins.
Thiamine (Vitamin B1) is necessary for proper carbohydrate metabolism. The deficient birds show anorexia, loss of weight, ruffled feathers, dropping of wings and paralysis of muscles.
The birds sit on flexed legs and draw back the head in a ‘star-gazing’ position. It is found in abundance in rice polish, wheat bran and cereal grains.
Riboflavin (Vitamin B2) is part of enzyme systems so plays a vital role in metabolism. The deficiency causes diarrhoea and “curled toe paralysis” in birds between the primary and second week of age.
The affected birds stroll upon their hocks with the help of their wings. In grownup birds, decreased egg manufacturing, elevated embryonic mortality and lifeless in shell chicks, with dwarfing and clubbing down feathers are seen.
Embryo mortality reaches a peak between 18 to twenty days of incubation. Grasses and brewer’s yeast are wealthy supply of this vitamin.
Learn Additionally: Distinction between Poultry Vaccines and Poultry Medicine
Pyridoxine (Vitamin B6) is critical for correct metabolism of amino acids. As a result of deficiency, spasmodic convulsions and jerky actions are seen in sick birds. The fowl needs to be fed cereal grains, yeast and alfalfa meal.
Cyanocobalamin (Vitamin B12) is concerned with nucleic acid synthesis, carbohydrate and fats metabolism and methyl synthesis. That is discovered in all meals of animal origin.
Its deficiency reveals slowed development, poor feed utilisation and decreased hatchability. Embryonic mortality reaches peak on the seventeenth day of incubation.
Myotrophy of legs and haemorrhages in the allantois of the embryo could also be seen. Fish meal, milk merchandise and animal proteins are sources of vitamin B12.
Choline deficiency: The deficiency of choline causes perosis, characterised by puffiness across the hock joint, flattening of the tibiometatarsal joint and a twisting and bowing of the metatarsal with a slipping of the Achilles tendon from the condyle.
The livers of poor birds present irregular fats contents. Yeast, fish meal oil cake and artificial choline may be given to birds.
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