Rainfall events over the past 30 days improved soil moisture ranges for drought-stricken elements of the state but in addition left standing water and soggy, saturated soil conditions in others, in response to Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service stories.
A lot of the state has acquired a number of inches of precipitation from a number of storm techniques since late April. These storms delivered much-needed rainfall and subsequently improved soil moisture indexes in drought-stricken areas. However the deluge has delayed plantings and harvests in different elements of the state, in addition to inflicting flooding and a spread of different issues and potential issues for producers.
Drought was a serious concern for growers in western elements of the state, together with the South Plains and Panhandle. Winter wheat and different cool-season grain and forage crops carried out poorly for essentially the most half, and the outlook for warm-season crops like corn, sorghum and cotton weren’t optimistic into spring.
Many acres in these areas had been dry planted. Crops emerged in some acres and had been progressing slowly as a result of lack of rain and cooler-than-normal temperatures. Different seed didn’t germinate with the dearth of moisture.
Wet climate over the previous a number of weeks has modified soil moisture conditions and crop outlooks, not less than within the brief time period, mentioned Reagan Noland, AgriLife Extension agronomist, San Angelo.
“Everyone is reacting to the moisture we’ve received over the past two weeks,” he mentioned. “Everyone wants to plant, and it’s drying up enough now to plant, so a lot of producers are scrambling. Earlier in April, it looked pretty bleak, and everyone was discouraged about getting a crop started, but they’re more optimistic now.”
Whereas the rains helped the soil moisture index, Noland mentioned extra well timed rains will probably be crucial to hold crops to the end line. A lot of Texas croplands depend on fall and spring storms to replenish soil moisture ranges misplaced to evapotranspiration by crops and evaporation by summer time temperatures, solar and wind. However seasonal storms are particularly essential to producers in western elements of Texas.
These storms not solely gas crops, however they fill ponds and water tanks and restore native rangelands for livestock and wildlife.
Scattered rainfall totals
John Nielsen-Gammon, Texas state climatologist, Bryan-School Station, mentioned there had been important enhancements to rainfall counts round drier areas of the state like San Angelo and South Texas.
A lot of your entire state has acquired greater than 1 inch of rain over the previous month, and plenty of areas acquired double-digit quantities after abnormally dry conditions since fall 2020, Nielsen-Gammon mentioned.
Rain events delivered scattered precipitation, he mentioned, as indicated by quantities for particular person areas across the state.
Japanese parts of the state reported important quantities. Corpus Christi acquired 12-19 inches; the Decrease Rio Grande Valley, 3-12 inches; Wintergarden, 4-14 inches; Victoria, 8-26 inches; Houston-Beaumont, 6-14 inches; and Tyler-Longview, 8-14 inches.
Rainfall quantities had been additionally scattered for drought-stricken areas just like the Decrease Rio Grande Valley, which acquired 3-12 inches over the previous month. The Waco-Temple space acquired 3-7 inches; Abilene, 5-8 inches; San Angelo, 2-6 inches; Amarillo, 1-6 inches; Plainview, 2-4 inches and Lubbock, 1-3 inches.
The near-term forecast sample seems to be to be drier for southern elements of the state and wetter for northern Texas, together with the Excessive Plains, Nielsen-Gammon mentioned. However the predictability for prolonged forecasts of storm exercise turns into tough going into summer time.
“With the widespread coastal rains winding down, it looks like a wetter weather pattern for the Panhandle and High Plains, more of a late-spring pattern and possibility of severe weather, including high winds, hail and tornadoes for North Texas and drier conditions for the southern half of the state over the next 10 days,” he mentioned.
Rain, rain, go away
Heavy rains delivering double-digit rain quantities over the previous month have harm rising conditions greater than helped in different areas, mentioned Greg Grant, AgriLife Extension horticulture agent, Smith County.
Rains have saturated fields in lots of counties east of Interstate 35 from Corpus Christi to the Purple River, making them inconceivable to enter for weed and pest management or to reap crops like grain wheat and cool-season forages.
Grant mentioned soggy conditions make harvesting crops like onions tough and create a perfect atmosphere for plant ailments in crops, gardens, lawns and landscapes. Standing water prevents crops from taking over nitrogen, and a few seedbeds or emerged crops had been washed away in flooding and would require replanting.
Continued rain events might lengthen delays to planting and stop harvesting crops earlier than they degrade or spoil.
“The rain has been mostly bad from a horticultural point of view,” he mentioned. “Producers are missing out on harvests – whether it’s hay bales or tomatoes – and they don’t get those back. Planting time is a short window, and extended delays mean you might miss out. Producers will say they’d prefer too much rain than too little, but these conditions make everything a challenge.”
AgriLife Extension district reporters compiled the next summaries:
Rainfall totals ranged from 0.3-2.5 inches. Producers had been unable to entry fields to chop hay or carry out fieldwork. Topsoil and subsoil moisture ranges had been principally ample. Rainfall timing couldn’t be higher for corn producers as their fields entered the early tasseling stage and a few early planted fields had been silking. Wheat and oats had been mature and mixing ought to start as quickly as fields dry sufficient. Cotton and sorghum fields appeared good. Fall armyworms had been seen in cotton fields. There have been some considerations about soil fertility as a result of heavy moisture ranges. Pasture conditions continued to enhance. Inventory tanks benefitted from runoff. Livestock had been doing nicely on pastures.
Conditions continued to be soggy with storms and rain showers, however some hail harm to crops, together with wheat, was reported. Rainfall improved pasture conditions and enhanced wheat check weight potential. Cotton planting was behind. Wheat was being grazed by cattle in some areas. Bermuda grass and different improved warm-season pastures had been sluggish to emerge as a result of cooler temperatures. Most producers had utilized herbicides and fertilizer to improved pastures, however rains diminished weed-control efficacy. Corn, sorghum and Sudan grass appeared good. Cattle and calves had been in good situation on good grazing, however flies, ticks and mosquitoes had been stressing herds.
Rainfall ranged from 4-15 inches over the week. Topsoil was saturated. Most crops will profit from the rain, however there was concern about standing water and washed-out areas affecting plant well being. Grain sorghum was heading. Cotton situation was not what it needs to be as a result of cool temperatures and heavy moisture. Moisture ranges had been anticipated to delay additional late-season rice planting. Many rice farmers didn’t must flood rice and needed to rebuild levees compromised by heavy rainfall. Climate conditions delayed herbicide functions on pastures and hay fields. Rangeland and pasture conditions had been bettering in well-drained areas. Inventory ponds had been full. Livestock had been doing nicely, however flies and mosquitoes had been problematic. Cattle market costs had been holding regular.
The district continued to be extraordinarily moist. Houston County reported areas had acquired as much as 20 inches of rainfall. Hay manufacturing was falling behind as a result of pasture conditions. Jasper County reported residence gardeners had issues with wind blowing down corn. Pasture and rangeland conditions had been truthful. Subsoil and topsoil conditions had been surplus. Livestock had been doing truthful to good. Feral hog exercise continued. Fly populations had been plentiful.
Northern and central areas reported ample soil moisture ranges whereas southern areas reported brief to ample soil moisture. Pasture and rangeland conditions had been poor to truthful. Winter wheat was in poor to good situation and heading. Corn conditions had been truthful to glorious. Sorghum was truthful. Widespread moisture and cooler temperatures had been good for grain crops. Producers continued to plant corn and cotton. Hay and silage manufacturing continued.
Topsoil moisture ranged from ample to surplus. The previous few weeks introduced heavy rain events to areas. Many areas throughout the district acquired as much as 10 inches of rainfall, together with 2-3 inches throughout brief timespans that produced flooding and saturated soil. Winter wheat was not on time however starting to show. Corn was doing nicely, however some later-planted areas had been starting to look waterlogged. Cotton and soybeans had been delayed as a result of moist conditions over the past month. Pastures had been thriving however nonetheless a number of weeks behind regular as a result of cooler temperatures. Livestock had been in good situation. Spring-born calves had been doing nicely. Feral hog harm continued to be an issue.
Daytime temperatures ranged from 75-95 levels with nighttime lows from 55-70 levels. Precipitation diverse broadly with areas reporting hint quantities as much as 3.5 inches. Hailstorms affected areas. Farmers continued to plant cotton and peanuts. There have been nonetheless pockets of dryland cotton acres the place the seed was not anticipated to germinate, or producers continued to delay planting. Ranchers had been making ready to wean calves quickly. Beef cattle had been in total good situation. Pecan producers had been monitoring pecan nut casebearers. Winter wheat was nonetheless being harvested or used as a canopy crop. Irrigated corn was making good progress whereas watermelons might use hotter climate. Sorghum was lastly rising however sluggish to develop. Pastures started to bounce again with new development, however producers continued to supply supplemental feed in areas. Dry conditions had been forcing wildlife to make the most of land nearer to cities, and several other mountain lion sightings had been reported close to Alpine.
Rains had been on and off all week and helped break the drought sample. Soil moisture ranges had been good. Haygrazer fields had been off to a very good begin, and the primary slicing of Bermuda grass was underway. Cotton planting ought to start as quickly as fields dry sufficient to entry. Weed administration continued. Inventory tank ranges had been replenished and appeared good with summer time approaching. Livestock physique conditions had been bettering as nicely.
Important rain was acquired with flooding in some areas. Water was unable to empty from some fields as a result of backed up canals. Many fields nonetheless had standing water in them. Livestock had been in good situation, however producers had been involved about hoof points if conditions stay moist. Rice planting was delayed. Rangeland and pasture scores ranged from very poor to glorious. Soil moisture conditions had been very brief to surplus.
As much as 5 inches of rainfall was reported throughout the district. Pastures and rangelands continued to enhance with added moisture. Fertilization of hay pastures and weed spraying continued. Guadalupe County reported that moisture ranges delayed the wheat harvest a bit. Caldwell County reported corn and sorghum appeared good. Livestock had been in truthful to good situation. Producers reported hay and supplemental feeding use was down. Caldwell County reported regular cattle costs with sheep and goat costs remaining excessive. Shearing of sheep and goats continued.
Temperatures had been cooler than regular. One other collection of rain events occurred all through a number of counties, leaving ample to surplus soil moisture conditions in areas. Rainfall totals ranged from 1.5-15 inches. Wheat harvest was halted by rains. Peanut planting continued however was restricted. Candy corn was being harvested. Grain corn was silking. Cotton fields continued to emerge and progress. Some cotton fields reached the squaring stage with little or no pest stress. Row crops responded nicely to rainfall and yields had been anticipated to enhance in most fields. Some fields had been underwater. Some areas continued to report brief soil moisture ranges regardless of a number of inches of rainfall. Rains had been anticipated to assist pastures, corn and sorghum essentially the most. Heavy rainfall might have harm late-planted cotton and sesame. There have been stories of fall armyworms in corn and sorghum fields. Only a few sugarcane aphids had been reported in sorghum. Sorghum midge had been showing in blooming fields. Soybean fields had been blooming as nicely. Pasture and rangeland conditions continued to enhance. Livestock physique conditions had been bettering as nicely. Livestock tanks had been at capability in lots of areas, and rivers had been operating. Sunflowers and sorghum had been rising shortly as a result of extra moisture. Producers had been fertilizing and spraying for weeds. Native feed shops reported fewer gross sales of supplemental feed. Watermelon, cantaloupe and Coastal Bermuda grass continued to obtain irrigation, and harvests had been starting. Some harvesting was delayed as a result of moist conditions. Some producers had been involved about fruit rot. Delays might lengthen past one week. Pecan orchards continued to develop, however one orchard in Maverick County was devastated by a hailstorm. Calves appeared good. Citrus timber nonetheless appeared broken, however people who had been pruned again had been exhibiting new development and growth.
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