Home Crop Monitoring Sorghum cultivars can produce thousands of gallons of ethanol

Sorghum cultivars can produce thousands of gallons of ethanol

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“Sweet sorghum has the potential to be an effective feedstock for ethanol production,” mentioned Wilfred Vermerris, a UF/IFAS professor of microbiology and cell science and a co-author on the research.

Ethanol produced from candy sorghum can be used for auto and jet gas, UF/IFAS researchers mentioned.

UF/IFAS researchers image massive gas potential from sorghum partly as a result of it’s so considerable. Sorghum is the fifth largest cereal crop on this planet and the third largest in the US, based on the U.S. Division of Agriculture. In 2014, the U.S. was the biggest producer of sorghum on this planet.

UF/IFAS scientists like sorghum as a result of it can be cultivated twice a yr in Florida, requires little fertilizer, makes use of water effectively and can be drought resistant, UF/IFAS analysis reveals.

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For a newly revealed research, UF/IFAS scientists needed to see if they may use the three candy sorghum cultivars as uncooked materials for bioethanol manufacturing.

Eulogio Castro, a former visiting assistant professor at UF/IFAS and lead writer of the research, labored with UF/IFAS researchers to develop the sorghum cultivars on the UF/IFAS Plant Science Analysis and Schooling Unit in Citra, Florida. Castro is now a researcher on the College of Jaén in Spain.

As soon as researchers grew and harvested the sorghum, they took it to the UF/IFAS Stan Mayfield Biorefinery Pilot Plant in Perry, Florida. There, they processed the crop and picked up the sugar-rich juice from the stems, which might be straight fermented to gas ethanol. The bagasse — the dry, pulpy residue left after extracting the juice from the plant — was processed to generate a further supply of fermentable sugars that is also transformed to ethanol.

They discovered potential for the crop to produce as much as 1,000 gallons ethanol per acre from the mixed juice and bagasse-derived sugars.

The brand new research is revealed within the journal Industrial Crops & Merchandise.

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