Home Farm Equipment Split-row cover crop system good for corn

Split-row cover crop system good for corn

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Craig Williams is aware of the worth of cover crops and makes use of them every time doable. He and his spouse, Kim, farm close to Oaktown in Knox County, Ind., and function Professional-Ag Service, a Pioneer seed dealership.

Nevertheless, when utilizing cover crops forward of corn and wanting to plant corn early, Williams discovered that he wasn’t all the time getting the uniform corn stands he was after. So, he determined to strive an thought he had heard about elsewhere. It allowed him to nonetheless use cover crops, but additionally plant corn into a hotter seedbed within the spring.

“Some people call it ‘planting into green strip till,’” he says. “It’s really made a difference for us, and we’re quite happy with the stand we are getting now.”

After soybean harvest within the fall, in fields going to corn, Williams crops cover crops together with his 15-inch, split-row planter. It’s a vacuum planter, they usually obtained a particular disc for planting cover crops with it.

“We put cereal rye and crimson clover in the front boxes, and radishes in the back 12,” he explains. “That gives us strips to minimize soil erosion in the fall. The radishes die out over winter.”

Good seedbed

“When we come in to plant corn in the spring, we place the corn rows near where the radishes were,” Williams says. “That soil warms up quicker and really works well since we want to plant corn as early as possible.”

Craig Williams

FASTER START: Corn will get up and going extra rapidly planted into strips the place radishes have been planted the autumn earlier than and winter-killed. The cereal rye and clover aren’t terminated till corn is planted.

To maximise the worth of cereal rye and particularly crimson clover within the spring, Williams doesn’t terminate it till after planting corn. “The cereal rye and clover get more time to grow, and the clover helps fix nitrogen, which can be used by the corn later on,” he relates.

When he does terminate the cover strips after planting corn, he makes use of glyphosate plus residual corn herbicides plus a really small quantity of 2-4-D to complete off the clover.

“We really like what we’ve seen so far,” Williams says.

Utilizing GPS to set A-B strains within the fall whereas seeding cover crops and utilizing the identical A-B strains within the spring helps place the rows exactly the place they belong, he notes. That ensures he can place corn the place the soil is warmest, and normally driest if it’s a moist spring.

He additionally makes use of cover crops forward of soybeans. Sometimes, he has the customized fertilizer applicator combine a mix of cereal rye and oats into the dry fertilizer within the fall and broadcast it on prime. No-tilling soybeans into cereal rye within the spring additionally works effectively, he provides.

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