Texas producers count on above-average yields and quality from their pecan bushes this season, and customers ought to count on respectable costs for the nut this fall, in accordance to a Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service knowledgeable.
Larry Stein, AgriLife Extension horticulturist, Uvalde, stated the pecan crop was progressing properly and that early maturing varieties like Pawnee have been opening and nearing harvest. Stein stated bushes have been in wonderful form following good spring and summer season rains, and pecan nut samples pulled for statement confirmed good nut fill.
“It’s not a limb-breaker of a year, although some producers may disagree, but it looks very good for most producers,” he stated. “Producers with good management practices avoided pest and disease problems, and it looks to be an excellent crop in both quantity and quality.”
Pecan bushes faring properly
The early season rains helped bushes, Stein stated, however in addition they offered potential issues. Heat, moist climate was splendid for scab, which may trigger lesions on the shucks and intrude with the nut fill course of.
Stein stated scab was reported in South Texas and different drier areas that hardly ever take care of the fungal illness. Some pecan varieties – like Western and Wichita – are very inclined to scab. Vulnerable bushes and uncontrolled infestations can be a problematic mixture for producers.
Gentle scab infestations trigger minimal injury, however heavy infestations can devastate crops. However Stein stated most producers stayed on high of it with fungicides.
Producers have additionally reported heavier infestations of stinkbugs, which may trigger black spots on the pecan kernel, Stein stated. The spots harm aesthetics, trigger a bitter style and make advertising pecans tougher and may end up in decrease costs.
Nevertheless, most business producers preserve aggressive monitoring and management regimens for bugs like pecan nut casebearer and stinkbugs in addition to for ailments, Stein stated.
There are usually three generations of pecan nut casebearers producers monitor for every rising season, he stated. A moth deposits pecan nut casebearer eggs, and the larvae bore into the nut to feed. They’ll be essentially the most devastating insect pest to a pecan orchard, so producers monitor moth numbers intently and enact proactive management strategies.
“The first generation typically shows up in early to mid-May, and 42 days later we see the second generation, and a lot of orchards will see a third,” he stated. “But we’ve not seen any real significant numbers this year, and I think it correlates with how producers stick to their control regimens.”
Good rain good for pecan bushes
Regardless of the nice crop situations, Stein stated Texas pecan orchards might use a great common rain to assist kernel fill. Most business orchards are absolutely irrigated, however the water can solely complement what nature supplies.
Beneath-average temperatures have helped soil moisture ranges, however situations are drying, and irrigation alone shouldn’t be sufficient to meet splendid maturation necessities, he stated.
“Some orchards have caught a rain here and there, but most have not gotten much rain over the last few weeks,” he stated. “This is a key time for pecans, and they need water to fill the kernel and to help the shucks open as they swell.”
Stein stated the tropical storm brewing in the Gulf of Mexico ought to ship good rains for a lot of pecan orchards. However there have been issues about heavy winds thinning nut clusters and damaging bushes.
Pecan costs higher for growers
Early indications present the market will be higher for pecan growers than the previous few years, Stein stated. However customers also needs to be ready to discover respectable costs for the nuts, although good pecans will seemingly fetch high greenback.
Stein stated the commerce battle with China continues to have lingering results on the pecan market. Commerce tariffs jumped from 17% to 47% through the dispute and stay at that stage.
Costs have been horrible for business growers since Chinese language market demand fell, Stein stated.
“Retail prices held steady the last few years, and that’s been bad for pecan producers,” he stated. “The tariff really put the quietus on the pecan market.”
AgriLife Extension district reporters compiled the next summaries:
The nice and cozy, dry climate allowed harvest operations to transfer shortly. Corn and sorghum harvests have been winding down. A number of fields of sorghum stubble have been being baled. Most discipline preparation for winter forages and winter wheat plantings was full, however dry topsoil and heat soil temperatures weren’t conducive for seed germination. Some producers dusted in wheat fields regardless of poor planting situations in expectation of moisture from Tropical Storm Nicholas. Cotton defoliation was full in most fields with yields in a lot of them anticipated to be common. There have been issues about potential downgraded cotton quality if the tropical system delivered heavy rains. Pastures and rangeland might use rainfall as some areas have been displaying indicators of moisture stress. Livestock have been being moved round to stop overgrazing.
Circumstances have been dry, heat and windy. Some discipline preparation exercise occurred, however most farmers have been ready for rain earlier than transferring ahead with wheat planting. Motley County reported wheat plantings have been practically full. Sugarcane aphids have been reported in sorghum. Rangelands and pastures have been drying out, and grasshoppers and armyworms have been nonetheless an issue for producers. Cattle have been grazing and receiving supplemental feed. Cows and calves appeared good and have been making good beneficial properties. Dryland cotton situations have been declining, with some areas reporting fields in poor form. Irrigated fields appeared honest, and a few bolls have been opening. Corn harvest was full. Sensible County reported poor yields due to drowned-out fields and injury by wild pigs. Sorghum harvest was full with 2,000-4,500 kilos per acre and common check weights reported.
Dry situations prevailed, however tropical storm climate was in the forecast. Discipline actions, together with discing, stalk reducing and plowing, continued. Cotton harvest was progressing. Cotton in low-lying fields produced very poor yields, however well-drained fields made up for that yield loss. Harvest was working behind, and growers have been struggling to keep forward of the forecasted storm. Corn harvest was full. The rice fundamental crop was harvested, and producers have been flooding fields for the second crop. Rangeland and pasture situations have been dry and may profit from rainfall. Hay baling continued and provides have been good, however hay producers have been nonetheless hopeful to get a final reducing. Livestock have been doing properly. Cattle markets have been bettering.
Circumstances have been starting to dry out, with little to no measurable rain reported. Hay manufacturing slowed due to drier situations and cooler nights. Pasture and rangeland situations have been good. Subsoil and topsoil situations have been enough. Producers continued to reduce, bale and put away hay. Winter forages have been being planted. Livestock have been in honest to good situation. Armyworm infestations remained an issue. Wild pig exercise continued.
Circumstances have been highly regarded and dry throughout the district. Most producers turned off their irrigation on cotton. Cotton bolls have been beginning to open in early planted fields. Sorghum was in good situation and maturing. Peanuts have been shut to being absolutely mature. Cattle have been in good situation. Pastures wanted rainfall that may additionally enhance situations for upcoming winter wheat plantings.
Temperatures have been in the mid- to upper-80s. Soil moisture ranges have been quick to enough. Pasture and rangeland situations have been poor to good. Corn was dented, and sorghum was coloring. Corn producers have been anticipating good yields up to a mean of 160 bushels per acre. Sorghum producers have been anticipating above-average yields as properly. Cotton and soybean situations have been honest to good, and rising situations have been good for cotton. Peanut situations have been good. Wheat was being planted, however rain was wanted to get stands off to a great begin.
Soil moisture was enough to quick throughout the district. Excessive winds and 90-plus diploma temperatures continued to dry up soil moisture, which slowed summer season grass development. Forecasts known as for slight probabilities of rain on a number of days upcoming. Pastures have been beginning to brown, however climate was good for harvest situations. Farmers who harvested early have been beginning to put together and plant winter wheat fields.
Scattered rainfall continued throughout the district with some places receiving hint quantities and different areas receiving greater than 3 inches. A robust storm system delivered excessive winds, thunder and lightning in some areas. Temperatures remained in the mid-80s in the mountains to the mid-90s alongside the Rio Grande River and decrease elevations. Pasture situations continued to enhance in most areas, however lots of the rising crops have been weeds. Cattle continued to graze pastures and rangelands. Fields have been being ready for pumpkin season. Pecans have been being irrigated.
One other sizzling, dry week continued to dry out the soil. Small-grain producers completed up discipline preparations, and most have been ready for rain earlier than early planting. Cotton crops have been in largely honest situation, and a few areas confirmed promising yields. Grain corn and sorghum harvests have been underway. Pecan orchards have been displaying potential for a below-average crop. Insect pests, particularly armyworms, continued to trigger issues.
Walker and San Jacinto counties reported dry situations, and Chambers County fields have been beginning to dry up, however heavy rains of up to 20 inches have been in the forecast. Rangeland and pasture scores have been very poor to wonderful, with good scores being most typical. Soil moisture ranges have been very quick to enough.
Components of the district reported precipitation, however most areas obtained none. Rangeland and pastures have been in good to honest situation and drying due to hotter climate. Drying vegetation and gasoline masses have been a wildfire concern. Hay harvest continued. Ranches with good administration practices have been displaying considerable grasses. Guadalupe County reported that corn harvest continued with good yields reported. Livestock markets have been good. Livestock situations have been honest to good, and producers have been supplementing livestock and wildlife feed.
Circumstances have been sizzling and dry, with little to no rainfall all through the district. Jim Hogg County reported half an inch of rain in some areas. Mornings have been cooler, however daytime temperatures have been in the 90s. Producers have been reporting quick soil moisture ranges. Maverick County reported 100-degree days. Peanuts have been doing properly underneath irrigation. Upland cotton crops have been doing properly and may enhance with rain in the forecast. Defoliation of cotton fields was starting in some areas whereas different areas have been wrapping up the harvest. Some areas reported being two weeks not on time on cotton harvest. Late-planted corn and sorghum harvests have been wrapping up, and discipline preparation and stalk destruction have been underway. Work continued in strawberry fields with plastic and mulch functions. Forage producers have been reducing and baling hay, however the harvest was nearing a detailed. Pastures and rangelands have been drying down underneath continued excessive temperatures and no moisture. Extra producers have been beginning to present extra supplemental feed and hay to cattle. Rotation grazing was occurring as properly. Producers have been delaying wheat and cool-season forage plantings for rain and cooler temperatures. Pond ranges have been full in some areas and have been receding in different elements of the district. Cattle costs have been regular, however sale numbers have been growing. Watermelon and cantaloupe manufacturing continued. Irrigated Coastal Bermuda grass manufacturing continued as properly. Sugarcane and citrus irrigation continued. Row-crop farmers have been making ready fields for the subsequent crop cycle. Dove hunters have been in the realm searching in sunflowers and sorghum patches. Whitetail bucks have been displaying hardened antlers and shedding velvet. Wildlife was doing properly however looking for water in livestock ponds and from water troughs.
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