Home Crop Monitoring The Definition and Classifications of Cropping System

The Definition and Classifications of Cropping System


The time period cropping system is used to explain the sample through which crops are grown in a given space over a interval of time and contains the technical and managerial assets which can be utilized.

Briefly, after we speak in regards to the cropping system of a given space, we aren’t solely thinking about how these crops are distributed on the sector at any given time but in addition how this distribution modifications over time. As well as, the extent of administration and quantity of useful resource inputs are integral features of a cropping system.

Cropping system are labeled primarily based on the next standards:

  • The distribution of crops in time, i.e. whether or not shifting cultivation, steady cropping, monoculture, or crop rotation is practiced.
  • The distribution of the crops in area on the sector, i.e. whether or not inter-cropping or sole cropping is practiced.
  • The stage of administration and useful resource utilized to provide the crop, i.e. whether or not manufacturing is intensive or intensive.
  • The sort of crop grown, i.e. whether or not orchard, arable cropping, pasturing, forestry, and so on. is practiced.

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Now allow us to take a look at the different sorts of cropping system and their definitions under:

The Definition and Classifications of Cropping System

Varieties of Cropping Programs

The differing types of cropping methods embrace: Mono cropping, Crop Rotation, Sequential Cropping, Inter Cropping, Relay Cropping.

1) Monocropping

Instance Planting Wheat 12 months after 12 months in the identical subject. Monocropping is when the sector is used to develop just one crop season after season.

Disadvantages of Monocropping System

It’s tough to keep up cowl on the soil; it encourages pests, ailments and weeds; and it may well cut back the soil fertility and harm the soil construction.

2) Crop Rotation

Instance Planting maize one 12 months, and beans the subsequent. Crop Rotation means altering the sort of crops grown within the subject every season or every year (or altering from crops to fallow).

Crop rotation is a key precept of agriculture conservation as a result of
it improves the soil construction and fertility, and as a result of it helps
management weeds, pests and ailments.

3) Sequential Cropping System

Instance- Planting maize within the lengthy rains, then beans throughout the brief rains. Sequential Cropping includes rising two crops in the identical subject, one after the opposite in the identical 12 months.

In some locations, the wet season is lengthy sufficient to develop two crops:
both two predominant crops, or one predominant crop adopted by a canopy crop.

Rising Crops two crops may additionally be attainable if there are two wet seasons, or if there may be sufficient moisture left within the soil to develop a second crop.

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4) Intercropping

Examples- Planting alternating rows of maize and beans, or rising a canopy crop in between the cereal rows. Intercropping means rising two or extra crops in the identical subject on the identical time.

5) Combined Intercropping

Distribution of the seeds of each the crops, or dibbling the seeds with none row association. This course of known as blended intercropping. It’s simple to do however makes weeding, fertilization and harvesting tough. Particular person crops might compete with one another as a result of they’re too shut collectively.

Planting the primary crop in rows and then spreading the seeds of the intercrop (equivalent to a canopy crop).

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6) Row Intercropping

Planting each the primary crop and the intercrop in rows. That is known as row intercropping. The rows make weeding and harvesting simpler than with blended intercropping.

7) Stir Cropping System

Instance Planting alternating strips of maize, soybean and finger millet. Stir Cropping includes planting broad strips of a number of crops within the subject. Every strip is 3–9 m vast.

On slopes, the strips could be laid out alongside the contour to stop erosion. The subsequent 12 months, the farmer can rotate crops by planting every strip with a unique crop.

Benefits of Stir Cropping System

  • It produces a range of crops, the legume improves the soil fertility, and rotation helps cut back pest and weed issues.
  • The residues from one strip can be utilized as soil cowl for neighboring strips.
  • On the identical time, strip cropping avoids some of the disadvantages of intercropping: managing the only crop inside the strip is simple, and competitors between the crops is diminished.

8) Relay Cropping System

Instance- Planting maize, then sowing beans between the maize rows 4 weeks later.

Relay Cropping the method of rising one crop, then planting one other crop (often a canopy crop) in the identical subject earlier than harvesting the primary. This helps keep away from competitors between the primary crop and the intercrop.

It additionally makes use of the sector for an extended time, for the reason that cowl crop often continues to develop after the primary crop is harvested.

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