Home Farm Equipment Top varieties for Southwest highlighted in Cotton Connections

Top varieties for Southwest highlighted in Cotton Connections


Key stakeholders from throughout the Southwest contemplating last selection alternatives just lately attended the annual Cotton Connections, digital for the primary time. Growers, Extension specialists and consultants noticed firm and college knowledge illustrating the efficiency of key opponents in every area.

Ken Lege, Ph.D., considered one of three PhytoGen® cotton growth specialists (CDSs) in the Southwest, offered knowledge from the collective CDS crew. The wealth of regional knowledge about PhytoGen model varieties got here from on-farm trials with varieties in late-stage growth, in addition to college analysis.

“We suggest producers not limit themselves when it comes to data. It’s best to review multiple trials from several seasons, similar water availability and growing season, to get the right varieties for your farm,” Lege stated.

Sturdy efficiency throughout Southwest areas

Averaged throughout 4 of the Texas A&M AgriLife irrigated and dryland Official Selection Trials, PhytoGen cottonseed had 7 of the highest 10 performers, and 9 of the highest 15. Going from north to south of the Southwest Plains, Lege offered suggestions for varieties spanning throughout the area.

Averaged throughout 4 of the TAMU OVTs, PhytoGen model varieties had 7 of the highest 10 performers, and 9 of the highest 15.

For instance, PhytoGen model PHY 350 W3FE shines in many areas throughout the Southwest. It’s a really secure performer that matches on more durable floor and might produce some good, top-end yields on dryland, however it’s also broadly tailored for irrigation.

“PHY 350 W3FE is aggressive growing, so it may need more management on irrigated acres,” Lege famous.

Within the higher Lubbock space on the Caprock, the comparatively new PhytoGen model PHY 394 W3FE proves to be a contender. It’s a short-stature selection bred in Lubbock, Texas, by the PhytoGen breeding program and is extremely proof against vert wilt. It’s early to midmaturing, with wonderful yield and wonderful fiber size.

“PHY 394 W3FE is one that excels on moderate to good water,” Lege defined, “And it has excellent storm tolerance, holding tight in the bur.”

Most generally tailored throughout the Southern Excessive Plains on dryland or irrigated, is the superb yielder, PhytoGen model selection PHY 480 W3FE. It’s a robust midseason selection, with a medium-tall stature, permitting for good progress on low water. Lege stated this is likely one of the finest varieties accessible for root-knot nematode (RKN) floor.

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PhytoGen Cotton Improvement Specialist Ken Lege recommends reviewing trial knowledge from a number of years and a bigger space, as proven above, to offer a extra complete image of selection consistency.

Breaking down the advantages of breeding traits

The crew revealed the variety of RKN-resistant varieties accessible from PhytoGen cottonseed is ever-growing, some with the addition of the brand new reniform resistance.

“Remember: Nematodes are stress multipliers, so you really see dramatic differences in the field versus susceptible varieties,” Lege stated.

A Texas A&M AgriLife comparability of cotton varieties with RKN resistance was just lately printed in the Journal of Nematology and illustrated efficiency in the Southern Excessive Plains. PhytoGen model varieties with RKN resistance had a 17% yield improve in comparison with opponents with a median of 94% discount of RKN populations.

Along with RKN, Lege famous the stellar efficiency of the brand new reniform trait from PhytoGen has contributed to the excessive demand of their reniform-resistant varieties. Two years of PhytoGen Innovation Plots in Lubbock and Lynn counties confirmed a 31% yield improve and a 55% reniform discount from inclined varieties.

“If you haven’t seen our reniform varieties, you owe it to yourself to see them performing out in the field, particularly in High Plains/Rolling Plains where low water or water limiting situations accentuate the difference,” Lege added.

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Texas A&M AgriLife Analysis confirmed PhytoGen model varieties with RKN resistance had a 17% yield improve in contrast with opponents and a median of 94% discount of RKN populations.

Along with nematode safety, Lege defined PhytoGen at present gives 9 varieties that present some stage of tolerance to verticillium wilt, with extra in growth.

“Growers also like the security that all PhytoGen W3FE varieties are resistant to bacterial blight,” Lege added, explaining it’s good insurance coverage in opposition to this yield robber.

Lege acknowledged producers think about pest pressures, soil sort, water availability and different key components earlier than making selection selections. He additionally recommends speaking with PhytoGen cotton growth specialists who’ve broader views to assist make these last selections.

“PhytoGen cotton development specialists look at cotton fields and trial data all across the Southwest and the Cotton Belt,” Lege stated. “We compare notes and share resources that producers can tap into. We’re here to help and just a phone call away.” 

To dig into the info from Texas A&M Agrilife, go to online-version-Texas-Plains-Region-Official-Cotton-Variety-Trials-2020-1.pdf (tamu.edu).

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