Home Crop Monitoring YAM FARMING-Complete Beginners Guide

YAM FARMING-Complete Beginners Guide

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Yam is the frequent title for some plant species within the genus Dioscorea that kind edible tubers. They’re perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in lots of temperate and tropical world areas.

The West African area cultivates 90% of the yam produced in the entire world and Nigeria alone produces about 68% making it the very best yam producers on this planet.

Accessible Styles of Yam

The accessible kinds of yams in West Africa are:
– Discorea alata (Water Yam)
– Discorea builfera (Aerial Yam)
– Discorea dumentorum (Candy Yam)
– Discorea rotunda (White Yam)
– Discorea cayenesis (Yellow Yam)

Yam is taken into account crucial meals staple in West Africa the place 90% of the overall yams produced worldwide comes from.

Yearly, festivals and rituals are carried out in numerous components of the area to mark the arrival of the brand new yam. Other than these festivals and rituals, there may be big revenue in yam farming enterprise.

Learn Additionally: Yam Flour Manufacturing and Packaging

Under are the required info’s on methods to domesticate your yam efficiently.

Soil requirement: effectively drained clayey loam

Technique of propagation: Seed yam (entire tuber) or reducing of yam tuber about 250gms

Date of planting: November-December (early yam), March-April (late yam)

Spacing: 90cm aside on prime of mound and staggered in alternate rows

Variety of propagation per gap: 1

Planting depth: Cowl tuber with about 5cm soil layer. Then cowl ridge or mound with grass mulch

Maturity interval: 8-9months

Technique of harvesting: Tuber is fastidiously dug out of the soil with assistance from sharp instrument e.g. cutlass or spade

Storage: –Tubers are tied up in barns

-In type of dried peeled tubers

-In type of flour

Advertising: Bought regionally

Makes use of: -Eaten cooked

-Cooked and pounded

Associated: 50 Enterprise Concepts for Aspiring Entrepreneurs on Agriculture

YAM FARMING-Complete Beginners Guide
Yam Farm

Yam is consumed nearly in all places on this planet, however this specific meals is taken into account standard in Africa. In Nigeria, yam farming was what sustained the economic system till oil was found.

In Nigeria, Yam farming is cultivated and standard in nearly each state of the nation as farmers who have interaction in this type of farming both promote their yams for cash or use it for feeding.

Both methods, Yam farming enterprise is a profitable one which is certain to yield you revenue.

I ponder why we preserve overlooking this essential farming enterprise alternative.

5 hundred by 5 hundred meters measurement of farmland might yield you 50,000 tubers of yam which is valued at N10 million ($50,000) at one {dollars} per yam.

This can be a golden alternative for any critical farmer who wish to
make the most of this season to domesticate yam in massive amount.

Other than promoting regionally, yam may be exported to america
of America, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Germany, and even
Japan.

Whereas Nigeria is the main producer of yam on this planet adopted by Ivory Coast, Ghana is within the different hand the main exporter of yams, accounting for over 90% of complete yams exported from West Africa yearly.

Manufacturing and the use effectivity of inputs normally decline with elevated enter portions, as a result of prices enhance and the organic or physiological use effectivity finally ranges out or decline.

Most yams are grown after lengthy bush fallow resulting in excessive value for land clearing, subsequent nutrient losses at biomass burning, labor intensive tillage and mounding and prices associated to the procurement of stakes.

Moreover, seed yams are costly and infrequently of poor high quality and, in a while throughout the season, weed management, prevention of rodent harm and theft are extra value components within the manufacturing chain of yam.

To extend the long-term profitability of yam manufacturing, it’s thus
necessary to find out which of the main manufacturing components can
contribute to sustainable yield will increase with out compromising the
pure useful resource base.

5 hundred by 5 hundred meters measurement of farmland might yield you 50,000 tubers of yam which is valued at N10 million ($50,000) at one {dollars} per yam.

This can be a golden alternative for any critical farmer who wish to make the most of this season to domesticate yam in massive amount.

Other than promoting regionally, yam may be exported to america of America, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Germany, and even Japan.

Whereas Nigeria is the main producer of yam on this planet adopted by Ivory Coast, Ghana is within the different hand the main exporter of yams, accounting for over 90% of complete yams exported from West Africa yearly.

Why have Nigeria, Ivory Coast, and Cameroon not been totally concerned within the exportation of yams, leaving the chance solely within the palms of Ghana?

Due to this fact I encourage you to start out your yam farming immediately, make sufficient revenue by way of its gross sales in addition to exporting to different nations to boost your attain.

Learn Additionally: Well being Advantages of Pounded Yam

Farmlands for Sale

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